ROLE OF STATE AND WELFARE STATE: FROM COMMONS, KEYNES TO ESPING-ANDERSEN

Wisnu Setiadi Nugroho

Abstract


The welfare state system is a popular economic system nowadays. At least more than fifteen countries have the characteristics of a welfare state economic system with their respective character and features. Esping-Andersen divided the welfare system classification into three major groups, namely the conservative welfare state, socio-democratic welfare state, and liberal welfare state. This article at­tempts to link the idea and foundation of a welfare state system is two utmost significant economists, John Maynard Keynes and John Roger Commons. Based on history of eco­nomic thought, Keynes's thought about the system of welfare states can be seen and traced in the liberal welfare state system on Esping-Andersen classification. On the other hand, traces of Com­mons' thought can be seen in the so­cio-democratic state welfare system. Therefore, both Keynes and Commons can be categorized as the founding fathers of the welfare state system. Since their thought about the role of the state is the foun­dation of welfare state system, long before the United Kingdom began implementing the modern wel­fare state system in the 1980s. In addition, this study also attempts to undertake comparative analysis of economic systems and present the em­pirical data on the performance of welfare countries based Esping-Andersen classification in three categories: economic performance, quality & health perfor­mance, and level of accumulation of human resources. It is hoped that with the facts presented here there will be further discussion re­garding the welfare state system.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Chandavarkar, A. (1911). Keynes and The Role of The State in Developing Countries. In D. Crabtree, & A. Thirwall, Keynes and The Role of The State: The Tenth Keynes Seminar held at the University of Kent at Canterbury (pp. 126-175). Canterbury: St. Martin's Press.

Chasse, J. D. (1986). John R. Commons and The Democratic State. Journal of Economic Issues, 759-784.

Cochrane, A., Clarke, J., & Gewirtz, S. (2001). Comparing Welfare States. London: Sage.

Commons, J. R. (1924). Transaction. In J. R. Commons, Legal Foundation of Capitalism (pp. 65-142). New York: The Macmillan Company.

Commons, J. R. (1931). Institutional Economics. American Economic Review, 21(4), 648-657.

Commons, J. R. (1963). Myself. New York: Macmillan.

Esping-Andersen, G. (1990). The Three Worlds of Welfare Capitalism. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Flint, C. (2012). Introduction to Geopolitics (2nd ed.). London: Routledge.

Gonce, R. A. (1971). John R. Commons’s Legal Economic Theory. Journal of Economic Issues, 80-95.

Harris, A. L. (1952). John R. Commons and the Welfare State. Southern Economic Association, 19(2), 222-233.

Johnson, N. (1987). The Welfare State in Transition. Amherst: The University of Massachusetts Press.

Keynes, J. M. (2010). The End of Laissez-Faire. In J. M. Keynes, Essays in Persuasion. London: Palgrave Macmillan.

Marcuzzo, M. C. (2017, 11 28). Keynes and the Welfare State. Retrieved from http://www. ie. ufrj. br/eventos/seminarios/pesquisa/texto_02_12. pdf.(In Eng).

Medema, S. G., & Samuels, W. J. (2013). John R. Commons (1862 - 1945). In S. G. Medema, The history of economic thought: a reader (2nd ed., pp. 684-690). New York: Routledge.

Peacock, A. (1991). Keynes and The Role of The State. In D. Crabtree, & T. A.P., Keynes and The Role of The State: The Tenth Keynes Seminar held at the University of Kent at Canterbury, 1991 (pp. 3-32). Canterbury: St. Martin's Press.

Samuelson, P. (1954). The Pure Theory of Public Expenditure. The Review of Economics and Statistic, 36(4), 387-389.

Samuelson, P. (1964). Public Goods and Subscription TV: Correction of the Record. The Journal of Law and Economics, 7, 81-83.

Thabet, S. (2008). Keynes et Commons: histoires paralleles, destins croises. L'Economie politique, 2(38), 77-100.

Waller, W. (2006). The Pragmatic State: Institutionalist Perspectives on the State. In S. Pressman, Alternative Theories of The State (pp. 684-690). New York: Routledge.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Office:
Redaksi JESP UMY, Jalan Brawijaya, Tamantirto, Kasihan, Bantul, Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta 55183
Telp: (0274) 387656 ext.184
Fax: (0274) 387646
WA: +62 82327 810 910
Email: jesp@umy.ac.id


Creative Commons License Jurnal Ekonomi & Studi Pembangunan (JESP) is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.