Analisis Determinan Gizi Kurang pada Balita di Kulon Progo, Yogyakarta

Nina Dwi Lestari

Abstract


Abstrak

Masalah gizi kurang balita merupakan masalah aktual di wilayah Kulon Progo, Yogyakarta. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui faktor yang mempengaruhi status gizi balita. Penelitian ini menggunakan cross sectional, sampel balita 12-59 bulan sebanyak 155 orang. Data diperoleh melalui kuesioner, status gizi diukur dengan indeks Berat Badan/Umur. Hasil menunjukkan terdapat hubungan bermakna antara usia balita, riwayat pemberian ASI, asupan makanan, persepsi ibu, pola pengasuhan dengan status gizi balita. Faktor dominan yang mempengaruhi status gizi adalah asupan makanan. Diperlukan peran perawat komunitas dalam edukasi dan pemberdayaan untuk meningkatkan status gizi balita.

Kata kunci: faktor status gizi, gizi kurang, balita


 

Abstract

Undernutrition was still a prior problem in Kulon Progo,Yogyakarta. The objectives of this study were to determine nutritional status in children under five years and related factors. Cross sectional study was conducted with 155 children under five years. Nutritional status was assessed using anthropometric measure- ment. There was a significant association between child’s age, exclusife breastfeeding, child’s dietary intake, caregivers’ practice and mother’s perception with child’s nutritional status and child’s dietary energy intake was the most factor that significant correlated. These findings indicates that the roles of com- munity nurses are needed to improves children nutritional status using education and partnership.

Keywords: factors of nutritional status, undernutrition, children under five years


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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18196/ijnp.1.1.2682

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