Factors Affecting Quality of Life in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease

Teguh Santoso, Untung Sujianto, Dwi Susilawati


Background: Coronary artery disease caused disturb of physical, psychological, and social aspects on quality of life. The aims in this study was to examine effecting factors of quality of life (QoL).

Methods: In this used the analytic correlation with cross-sectional design. One hundred and three subjects paticipated with purposive sampling (88 male and 23 female). QoL quesioner (SF-36) were used to collect the data. The data were analyzed by multivariate regression.

Results: One hundred and three patientss (80 males and 23 female) were enroll on this study. In this study indicates that independent variables were not associated with quality of life (p value > 0.05). The greater quality of life found in patients graduated from university (62,2%) and had much income (51.9%). Other variables like male (57.5%), patients between 48-57 years of ages (68.2%), married patients with coronary artery disease (62.0%), the retired or unemplayee (78.9%), patients with hypertention (57.8%), never taking alcohol (60.8%), never smoking (50%) and never doing exercise (66%) had lower quality of life score.

Conclusion: There were no statistically significant factors affecting quality of life in patients with CAD. The more respondents needed to know the factors affecting quality of life


Coronary artery disease, Quality of life, SF-36


Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kementerian Kesehatan RI. (2013). Riset Kesehatan Dasar. Jakarta.

Bajaj S, Mahajan V, Grover S, Mahajan A, & Mahajan N. (2016). Gender Based Differences in Risk Factor Profile and Coronary Angiography of Patients Presenting with Acute Myocardial Infarction in North Indian Population. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research : JCDR. 10, 05-7.

Campos, M. R., Flor, L. S., & Laguardia, J. (2013). Quality of life, social position and occupational groups in Brazil: evidence from a population-based survey. Revista Brasileira De Epidemiologia. 16, 748-762.

Colet C.F., Mayorga P., & Amador T.A. (2010). Educational Level, Socio-Economic Status And Relationship With Quality Of Life In Elderly Residents Of The City Of Porto Alegre/RS, Brazil. Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. vol.46 no.4 São Paulo Oct./Dec. 2010

Durmaz T., Keles T., Akar Bayram N., Ozdemir O., Akyunak Ozdemir B., & Bozkurt E. (2009). Factors Affecting Quality Of Life In Patients With Coronary Heart Disease. Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences. 39, 343-351.

Firouzabadi Mg, Sherafat A, & Vafaeenasab M. (2014). Effect of physical activity on the life quality of coronary artery bypass graft patients. Journal of Medicine and Life. 7, 260-3.

Gerard J. Molloy, Mark Hamer, Gemma Randall, & Yoichi Chida. (2008). Marital status and cardiac rehabilitation attendance: a meta-analysis. European Journal of Preventive Cardiology. 15, 557-561.

Gijsberts, C. M., Agostoni, P., Hoefer, I. E., Asselbergs, F. W., Pasterkamp, G., Nathoe, H., Appelman, Y. E., De Kleijn, D. P. V., & Den Ruijter, H. M. (2015). Gender Differences In Health-Related Quality Of Life In Patients Undergoing Coronary Angiography. Open Heart. 2, e000231.

Han, Kyu-Tae, Park, Eun-Cheol, Kim, Jae-Hyun, Kim, Sun, & Park, Sohee. (2014). Is marital status associated with quality of life? BioMed Central Ltd. BioMed Central Ltd. http://www.hqlo.com/content/12/1/109.

Improve Heart Health (2009). Effects that heart disease can have on life. Retrieved from http://www.improveheart.com/effects-that-heart-disease-can-have-on-life/

Kahneman, D., & Deaton, A. (2010). High income improves evaluation of life but not emotional well-being. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 107(38), 16489–16493.

Lewis, S. M., Heitkemper, M. M., & Dirksen, S. R. (2010). Medical Surgical Nursing Assesment and Management of Clinical Problems (7th ed.). St. Louis: Mosby.

Molazem Z., Mohebbi Z., Rezaei S., Ostovan M.-A., & Keshavarzi S. (2013). Effect of continuous care model on lifestyle of patients with myocardial infarction. ARYA Atherosclerosis. 9, 186-191.

Monahan, F. D., Sands, J. K., Neighbors, M., Marek, J. ., & Green, C. J. Phipps. (2007). Medical Surgical Nursing: Health And Illness Persfective (8th ed.). philadelphia: Mosby Elsevier.

Nowakowska-Glab, A., & Maniecka-Bryla, I. (2011). Relation between occupation and health related quality of life of pregnant women. Medycyna Pracy. 62, 601-608.

Panthee, B. & Kritpracha, C. (2011). Review : Anxiety and Quality of life Patients with Myocardial Infarction. Nurse Media Journal of Nursing. 2011;1(1),105- 115.

Rosidawati, I., Ibrahim, K., & Nuraeni, A. (2015). Quality of Life in Patents After Corornary Artery Bypass Graft in Hasan Sadikin Central Hospital of Bandung. Padjadjaran University.

Rumsfeld J.S., et al. (2013). Cardiovascular Health: The Importance Of Measuring Patient-Reported Health Status A Scientific Statement From The American Heart Association. Circulation. 127, 2233-2249.

Sanchis-Gomar F, Perez-Quilis C, Leischik R, & Lucia A. (2016). Epidemiology of coronary heart disease and acute coronary syndrome. Annals of Translational Medicine. 4.

Soni, R. K., Porter, A. C., Lash, J. P., & Unruh, M. L. (2010). Health-Related Quality of Life in Hypertension, Chronic Kidney Disease, and Coexistent Chronic Health Conditions. Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease. 17, e17-e26.

Wan, Y., Ma, X., Yuan, C., Fei, L., Yang, J., & Zhang, J. (2015). Impact of daily lifestyle on coronary heart disease. Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine. 10, 1115-1120.

World Health Organization. (2016). Cardiovascular Diseases (CVDs). Retrieved from http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs317/en/.

Xie J, Wu Eq, Zheng Zj, Sullivan Pw, Zhan L, & Labarthe Dr. (2008). Patient-Reported Health Status In Coronary Heart Disease In The United States: Age, Sex, Racial, And Ethnic Differences. Circulation. 118, 491-7.

Xu X, Rao Y, Shi Z, Liu L, Chen C, & Zhao Y. (2016). Hypertension Impact on Health-Related Quality of Life: A Cross-Sectional Survey among Middle-Aged Adults in Chongqing, China. International Journal of Hypertension. 2016.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Office : School of Nursing Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Kompleks FKIK Gedung Siti Walidah F3 Lantai 4
Kampus Terpadu UMY
JL. Brawijaya/ Lingkar Selatan, Kasihan, Bantul, Yogyakarta 55183
Email : IJNP@umy.ac.id
Web : http://journal.umy.ac.id/index.php/ijnp

Creative Commons License
Indonesian Journal of Nursing Practice is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

View My Stats