The Practices of Political Patronage and Clientelism of the Democrat Party in the 2014 Legislative Election in Ponorogo Regency

HAIDAR FIKRI

Abstract


The Democrat Party in Ponorogo Regency still exists despite cases of corruption that ensnared some national political actors. The Ponorogo Regency attracted the attention of many parties and candidates, including that of the Democratic Party, during the legislative elections in 2014. This concern included candidate efforts to transform the party through the provision of patronage material in diverse forms such as a unique distribution process, and a variety of patronage models. This research was conducted to determine the practice of patronage politics of the Democrat Party in the Ponorogo Regency in 2014. The theory used for this research on the practice of patronage is the theory of patronage and clientelism according to the variables offered by James Scott. The qualitative research methods are data collection interviews, and documentation and re- ports related to the elections in Ponorogo. The results of this study suggest that the practice of patronage in Ponorogo conducted by the Democrat’s candidate is very diverse, ranging from the use of money given to voters, the provision of public goods targeting social groups such as farmers and youth organizations on the assumption that they were impressionable on an emotional level, and giving pork barrels in the form of road construction and irrigation disbursed through the BKAD (Inter-agency Cooperation Board). Patronage is certainly dis- tributed through clientelism networks such as successful teams that have been prepared since before the election, a network of social groups that utilize a warok, considered a person who has a wise and exalted nature and takes advantage of the village elite. This is a political machine that runs a network to help distribute patronage so that it becomes clientelistic. The interest of this study is the associa- tion between patronage and clientelism that is fused with the local culture of the Ponorogo community and was mobilized in the legislative election in 2014.


Keywords


Politics; Government;public; Administration

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bibliography

JOURNAL

Allen Hicken, 2008. “How Do Rules and Institutions Encourage Vote Buying?” dalam Elections For Sale: The Causesand Consequences Of Vote Buying, diedit Oleh Schaffer, F.C., 47-60. Colorado: Lynne Reinner,

Alley,April Longley Alley.(2010).The Rules of the Game: Unpacking Patronage Politics in Yemen. Middle East Journal M. Volume 64, No. 3. DOI: 10.3751/64.3.13

Aspinall ,Edward .(2014). Parliament and Patronage. Journal of Democracy. Volume 25, Number 4, October 2014pp. 96-110 | 10.1353/jod.2014.0070

Aspinall ,Edward (2014). WHEN BROKERS BETRAY Clientelism, Social Networks, and Electoral Politics in Indonesia. Critical Asian Studies 46:4, pp 545–570

Aspinall ,Edward , Michael W. Davidson, Allen Hicken, Meredith L. Weiss.(2016). Local Machines and Vote Brokerage in the Philippines. Contemporary Southeast Asia: A Journal of International and Strategic Affairs. Volume 38, Number 2, pp. 191-196

Auyero, Javier.(2000). The logic of clientelism in Argentina: An ethnographic account. Latin American Research Review. 35, 3; Arts & Humanities Database pg. 55

Arriola,Leonardo R.(2009). Patronage and Political Stability in Africa. Comparative Political Studies.Volume 42 Number 10.pg 1339-1362. 10.1177/0010414009332126 http://cps.sagepub.com hosted at http://online.sagepub.com

Daniel Buquet and Rafael Pi~neiro.(2016). Uruguay’s Shift from Clientelism. Journal of Democracy Volume 27, Number 1

Hanif ,Hasrul .(2010). Politik Klientelisme Baru dalam Kepartaian di Indonesia. Jurnal Sosial & Politik (JSP), Volume 13 No.5

HEIN,LAURA .(2010). Modern Art Patronage and Democratic Citizenship in Japan. The Journal of Asian Studies. Vol. 69, No. 3 (August) 2010: 821–841. doi:10.1017/S002191181000149X

Heper, Metin;Keyman, E Fuat.(1998). Double-faced state: Political patronage and the consolidation of democracy in Turkey. Middle Eastern Studies.; 34, 4.pg. 259

Hrebenar, Ronald J. (2007)Clientelistic Democracy. The Review of Politic. 69, 1; Arts & Humanities Database pg. 163

Scott, James. 1992. Patron-Client Politics and Political Change in Southeast Asia. The American Political Science Review, Vol. 66, No. 1 (Mar., 1972), pp. 91-113.

Jeffrey A. Winters (2016) Electoral Dynamics in Indonesia: Money Politics, Patronage and Clientelism at the Grassroots, Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies, 52:3,405-409, DOI: 10.1080/00074918.2016.1236653

Latief,Hilman .(2013). The Politics Of Benevolence: Political Patronage of Party-based Charitable Organizations in Contemporary Indonesian Islam. Al-Jāmi‘ah, Vol. 51, No. 2. DOI: 10.14421/ajis.2013.512.337-363

Miles, Matthew B, A. Michael Huberman dan Johnny Saldana. 2014. Qualitative Data Analysis, A Methods Sourcebook Edisi Ketiga. Sage Publications: Inc

Mohammed Hachemaoui.2013. Clientélisme et Patronage dans l’Algérie Contemporaine Clientelism and Pa¬tronage in Contemporary Algeria. Karthala-IREMAM, . 205 pages. 19

Nurfaizin. 2014. Runtuhnya Hubungan Patronase Kiai-Santri Dalam Ruang Politik Lokal (Studi Pada Pemilukada Kabupaten Pamekasan Tahun 2013). Yogyakarta: Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Gadjah Mada.

Panelewen, Jovano Deivid Oleyver. 2014. Penerapan Politik Patronase Dalam Kemenangan Partai Keadilan dan Persatuan Indonesia Pada Pemilu Legislatif Kota Bitung Tahun 2009. Yogyakarta: Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Gadjah Mada

P ETR ,KOPECKY´ a n d GERARDO SCHERLI S.(2008). Party Patronage in Contemporary Europe. European Review, Vol. 16, No. 3, 355–371. doi:10.1017/S1062798708000306

Robinson ,James A, Thierry Verdier(2013). The Political Economy of Clientelism . Scand. J. of Economics 115(2), 260–291.DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9442.2013.12010.x

Sadanandan, Anoop .(2012). Patronage and Decentralization The Politics of Poverty in India. Comparative Politics, Vol. 44, No. 2 .pp. 211-228 . doi:10.1017/S0020743812000438

Scherlis ,Gerardo (2013). The Contours Of Party Patronage In Argentina. Latin American Research Review, Vol. 48, No. 3.pp 64-263

Waddell,Benjamin James.(2015). OLD HABITS DIE HARD Political Patronage and Remittance-Led Development in Guanajuato, Mexico. Latin American Research Review, Vol. 50, No. 1

Wigh,Sonia .(2015). : Social Scientist, Vol. 43, No. 5/6 . pp. 47-64. http://www.jstor.org/stable/24642346

BOOK

Aspinall, Edward dan Mada Sukmajati (ed.). 2015. POLITIK UANG DI INDONESIA;Patronase dan Klientelisme Pada Pemilu Legislatif 2014, Yogyakarta: PolGov.

WEBSITE

Detiknews.com Rabu 09 Apr 2014. Curhat Soekarwo, Suara Demokrat di Jatim Berat Menangi Pileg 2014.diakses pada 15 Oktober 2015 pada pukul 11.22wib

KPU.go.id diakses pada 12 Agustus 2015 pada pukul 19.20 wib

KPU.go.id.Demokrat memenangkan pileg di Pacitan dengan perolehan 14 kursi atau 35%.diakses 15 Oktober 2015 pada pukul 21.24wib

KPU.ponorogo.go.id diakses 20 September 2015 pada pukul 15.20wib

Kompas.comhttp://nasional.kompas.com/read/2014/04/16/1508474/Politik.Uang.Dimulai.dari.Elite diaksespada tanggal 24 Desember 2015 pada pukul 11.22 wib

Kompas.com.http://nasional.kompas.com/read/2014/04/13/1801547/Politik.Uang.di.Pemilu.2014.Dinilai.Vulgar .,diakses tanggal 24 Mei 2015 pukul 10:43

Jaringannews.com.Bawanslu Jatim temukan Jual Beli Suara.Pada 28 November 2015 pukul 22.11 wib

RRI.co.id. Partai Demokrat Peroleh Suara Terbanyak DPRD Kota Madiun.diakses 15 Oktober 2015 pada 12.30wib

Interview data

J.Harsono as University lecturer muhamadiyah ponorogo (2015)

NGO “Peduli Rakyat Cilik “ (2015)

A network of successful teams (2015)

Art figures of reog (2015)

Voters (2015)

Election candidates (2015)


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

JKSG
Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta
Jln. Lingkar Selatan, Tamantirto, Kasihan, Bantul Yogyakarta
Telp: ( 0274) 387656 ext 249
Phone: 62274287656
Fax: 62274387646
Email: jgp@umy.ac.id


Jurnal Studi Pemerintahan is licenced under a Creative Common Attribution 4.0 International Licence