Graft and Corruption Practices Among Selected Public Officials in Mindanao, Southern Philippines

AMER HUSAIN L. LAUT, ABDUL AZIS G. MARIANO, FAY ELAINE B. ONTOLAN, NIMFA L BARACAMONTE, CHRISTIAN T.N AGUANO, SULPECIA L. PONCE

Abstract


This study aims to examine the graft and corruption practices among selected public officials in southern Philippines. The
study is qualitative in nature making use of case study method in which an in-depth analysis of primary data obtained from
eight informants, four of whom are town mayors and their four incumbent municipal treasurers, is employed. The findings
revealed that the mayor informants got elected through vote buying and bribery. Politics and family matters intersect as
informants are supported by their families during election who used guns, gold and goons to ensure election victory. The
clannish nature of the community finds expression also in the selection of relatives in municipal employment and in accessing
municipal resources. The most prevalent corruption practice disclosed by the informants is amassing the internal revenue
allotment (IRA) for personal purposes in order to recover the huge amount of money spent during election. Other types of
corruption practices also include falsification of documents, nepotism, bribery, kickbacks, and evasion of public bidding.
These public officials also do not seem to perform official duties in their towns as they live outside of their municipalities.
Inter-agency involvement of corruption among different government agencies in the areas studied are also uncovered.
Moreover, the perceived negative effects of corruption are manifested in the poor delivery of the community’s basic social
services in health, water supply, education, and security protection. Corruption also adversely affects the construction of
community infrastructure facilities and the establishment of an equitable and solid economic base. The study has implications
to the strict policy implementation of the provisions of the 1991 Local Government Code of the Philippines, The Anti-Graft
and Corrupt Practices Act, and other pertinent laws in order to improve the transparency, integrity and accountability of public
officials not only in southern Philippines but also in the entire country
KEYWORDS: governance, inter-agency corruption involvement, Internal Review Allotment, maratabat, nepotism


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