Payment for Environmental Services and Polder Sustainable Management in the Context for Poverty Reduction in Semarang

EDI SANTOSO, SHUDARTO P HADI, WARELLA WARELLA

Abstract


Environmental issues are externalities of economic
development requires the handling of various instruments
in order to be in harmony with the eco-nomic
development environment. Payment for Envi-ronmental
Services (PES) is now being developed globally as a
market-based instrument that is prom-ising to address
the issue of degradation of natural resources and the
environment. PES mechanism has to be said that the
concept is simple and flexible in a variety of conditions,
so that the application was highly variable throughout
the world. The main prob-lem lies in whether the
Payment for Environmental Services (PES) that is now
being developed globally as a market-based instruments
are quite capable of dealing with poverty and
degradation of natural re-sources and the environment.
Refer to research find-ing shows that Tawang Polder
has significant direct and indirect value for society.
About 50% house-hold stated that they accept PES and
20% who re-ject the PES. Even PES is quiet potential in
reducing poverty in these areas. Even in the society
level such as huge support in Polder systems, social
capital and local wisdom, the system management of
polder should be designed appropriately and have to increase
the level of participation in decision making.
Another factor is also important is polder institution
which has to be design clearly and transparent based on
performance standart. The last factor is politic capital
should be aware of democratization.
Keywords : Environtmental Management, Poverty
Reduction, Polder System

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