Gambaran Karakteristik Pasien CHF di Instalasi Rawat Jalan RSUD Tugurejo Semarang

K W Maulidta

Abstract


Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) merupakan penyebab utama kematian di beberapa negara dan   Angka kejadiannya setiap tahunnya terus meningkat. Hasil Riskesdas tahun 2007 menunjukkan CHF merupakan penyebab kematian nomor tiga di Indonesia setelah stroke dan hipertensi. Pada tahun 2010 diperoleh data Incidence Rate penyakit jantung pada kelompok umur 15 tahun atau lebih sebesar 2,2 %. Pada tahun 2013 jumlah penderita CHF meningkat sekitar 229.696 orang. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui karakteristik pasien CHF di Instalasi Rawat Jalan RSUD Tugurejo Semarang pada bulan Maret-Mei 2014. Penelitian dilakukan menggunakan penelitian deskriptif dengan desain Hospital based study.Populasi penelitian ini adalah semua pasien yang berobat di Instalasi Rawat Jalan RSUD Tugurejo Semarang. Data yang dikumpulkan adalah data sekunder yang diperoleh dari status penderita CHF di Instalasi Rawat Jalan RSUD Tugurejo Semarang. Karakteristik pasien CHF di Instalasi rawat jalan RSUD Tugurejo berdasarkan sosiodemografi tertinggi adalah laki 63,30%, lansia awal 40,00%, kawin 90,00%, suku jawa 100,00%, Indeks Masa Tubuh (IMT) normal 90,00%, dan penyebab terjadi CHF paling banyak adalah hipertensi, dan kardiomiopati sejumlah 70,00%.

Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) is a major cause of death in several countries and it happens every year figure continues to rise. Riskesdas CHF 2007 shows a third cause of death in Indonesia after stroke and hypertension. In 2010 obtained the data Incidence Rate of heart disease in the age group of 15 years or more at 2.2%. In 2013 the number of patients with CHF increased by about 229 696 people. The purpose of this study to determine the characteristics of CHF patients in the Hospital Outpatient Installation Se Tugurejo marang in March-May, 2014. The study was conducted using descriptive research design with Hospital-based study. The study population was all patients who seek treatment at Hospital Outpatient Installation Tugurejo Semarang. The data collected is secondary data obtained from the status of CHF patients in the Hospital Outpatient Installation Tugurejo Semarang. Characteristics of CHF patients in hospital outpatient Installation Tugurejo by sociodemographic highest is 63.30% male, early elderly 40.00%, 90.00% married, Java rate of 100, 00%, body mass index (BMI) normal 90.00%, and the cause of a CHF most is hypertension and cardiomyopathy number of 70.00%.


Keywords


characteristics; Outpatient; Pasien Congestive Heart Failure (CHF); karakteristik; Rawat Jalan

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