Comparison of Immersion Time between Strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa) Juice and 35% Carbamide Peroxide on Tooth Discoloration

Sartika Puspita, Dinda Tri Rahmawan, Khen Swara Wijayaningrum

Abstract


Tooth color is one of the aesthetic problems in society. This condition is influenced by extrinsic and intrinsic factors. 35% Carbamide peroxide is an ingredient approved by the American Dental Association (ADA) as safe and effective tooth whitening. Strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa) is a natural substance containing ellagic acid that can be used for tooth whitening. The purpose of this study is to determine the tooth discoloration after the immersion of F. x ananassa juice 100% and 35% carbamide peroxide. The method of this research was a pure laboratory experiment. The sample used was 24 premolar postpartum teeth which had been discolored using tea. The specimens were divided into 2 groups, the first group was immersed with F. x ananassa juice 100% and the second group was immersed with 35% carbamide peroxide, respectively for 30, 60, and 90 minutes. The color of the immersed teeth was then measured by a spectrophotometer and a shade guide to determine the color change before and after the treatment. Data were analyzed using Two Way ANOVA and Kruskal-Wallis test. The results of this study indicated that the immersion of F. x ananassa juice 100% was able to make the teeth become brighter, with the same level of brightness using 35% carbamide peroxide. The conclusion of this research was F. x ananassa juice can be used as an alternative material for tooth whitening.

 


Keywords


Teeth Whitening; Strawberry Fruit (Fragaria x ananassa); 35% Carbamide Peroxide; Shade Guide; Spectrophotometer

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References


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