Pengambilan Keputusan Petani Terhadap Penggunaan Benih Bawang Merah Lokal dan Impor di Kabupaten Cirebon, Jawa Barat

Valentina Theresia, Anna Fariyanti, Netti Tinaprilla

Abstract


A deficiency of shallot seed production causes Indonesia could not meet its own local demand yet and thus imports foreign variety from other countries. However, farmer should choose between local and imported seed variety for their farming business activity. The purposes of the study was to analyze farmer decision and factors that determine farmer decision to utilize local and imported seed of shallot. Logistic regression was used to answer the research questions. Respondents were 60 persons divided into two groups, farmer who utilized local seed and that utilized the imported one. The result showed that the differences in decision making between local and imported farmers were the benefits they sought, while the factors that significantly influence the farmer's decision to use local seed are scale of land area, seed price, income and market. Scale of land area and seed price have negative influence significantly, while income and market give positive influence significantly on farmer decision to utilize conventional seed.


Keywords


farmer decision; influenced factor; shallot; local and imported seed

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References


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Suek, J. 1994. Faktor-Faktor Penentu Keputusan Petani Memilih Pola Agroforestri Tradisional Antar Zona di Kawasan Timor Barat. Tesis, Program Pascasarjana, Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Ancok, D. 1997. Teknik Penyusunan Skala Pengukur. Yogyakarta: Pusat Penelitian Kependudukan UGM.

Asih, D.N. 2009. Analisis karakteristik dan tingkat pendapatan usahatani bawang merah di Sulawesi Tengah. Jurnal Agroland 16 (1): 53-59.

Bishop dan Toussaint. 1989. Pengantar Analisis Ekonomi Pertanian. Jakarta: Mutiara.

Crissman, C., and A. Hibon. 1996. Establishing Seed Potato Prices: Concepts, Procedures and Implications for Research and Training. Working Paper, Social Science Department. 1996-1. CIP. Lima Peru.

Emiria, F. dan H. Purwandari. 2014. Pengembangan pertanian organik di Kelompok Tani Madya, Desa Kebonagung, Kabupaten Bantul, Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta. Jurnal Penyuluhan 10 (2).

Engel, J.F., R.D. Blackwell, dan P.W. Miniard. 1995. Perilaku Konsumen Jilid 1 (6th ed). Jakarta: Binarupa Aksara.

Gilbert, E., and D.W. Norman. 1980. A General Overview of Farming System Research dalam Reading in Farming System Research and Development. Westview Press.

Ginting, M., T. Sebayang, dan Iskandarini. 2013. Analisis Pengaruh Faktor Sosial Ekonomi Petani terhadap Luas Tanam Bawang Merah Berdasarkan Pendapatan Petani di Kabupaten Dairi. Universitas Sumatera Utara.

Joni, M.M.A, M.F.R. Rubzen, and P.J.Batt. 2001. Factors influencing a farmer’s decision to purchase seed potatoes in East Java. Paper presented at the 45th Annual Conference of the Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, Adelaide, South Australia.

Kotler, P. 2000. Marketing Management, Analysis, Planning, Implementation Control (7th ed). USA: Printice Hall.

Schiffman, and Kanuk. 2008. Perilaku KonsumenEd 7. Jakarta: PT. Indeks.

Setiadi N.J. 2003. Perilaku Konsumen; Konsep dan implikasi untuk Strategi dan Penelitian Pemasaran. Jakarta: Prenada Media.

Suek, J. 1994. Faktor-Faktor Penentu Keputusan Petani Memilih Pola Agroforestri Tradisional Antar Zona di Kawasan Timor Barat. Tesis, Program Pascasarjana, Institut Pertanian Bogor.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.18196/agr.2125

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