Managing Ethics in Public Sector: Integrity Approaches



There are two main approaches of ethics, integrity and compliance approach,
applying in public administration. In this paper, I would like to study specifically
about integrity approach, focusing on ethics education and training and ethical
models. Methodology used in the study is a documentary research. The finding
might be help public officials in decision-making when they have to encounter
some ethical dilemmas in public administration. Integrity and compliance can be
perceived as a soft and a hard approach, respectively. An integrity approach uses
internal controls and a compliance approach uses external controls in order to
operate as an ethical organization. The integrity approach is assumed to be more
effective. This paper has focused on the integrity approach to organizational
ethics, therefore describing its orientation and components. Moreover, it clarified
the way of implementing this approach within an organization. Ethics education
and training programs, which are embedded in an integrity approach, are cognitive programs in ethical decision-making. Ethical models studying in this paper; Ethics Triangle Model, Ethical Decision-making Model, Ethical Problem solving Model, and Moral Development Model; can be used to help individuals and groups of individuals in organizations to analyze ethical dilemmas they are faced with in daily practice. These models, consequently, are considered as effective means for enhancing decision-making of public officials.


Ethics; Managing Ethics; Public Sector; Integrity; Integrity Approachess

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