The Philippines has maneuvered a capillary effect of its commitment to gender equality through various domestic legislations. Gender and Development (GAD) has thus become a matter of State policy.Pursuant to a mandated policy on gender equality, this study focuses on the experience of MSU-Iligan Institute of Technology (MSU-IIT) in mainstreaming GAD in the curriculum. The aim is to evaluate policy implementation and employs the Research and Teaching (R-T) nexus as the theoretical frame. Purposive sampling was done for respondents among the faculty and students and data were gathered through in-depth interviews and Focus Group Discussion (FGD).The College of Arts and Social Sciences (CASS) have integrated GAD in two ways - through the incorporation of a subject in  its programs, or as an approach to teaching through faculty initiative corroborating  what Annala and Makinen (2011) referred as “personified curriculum”. The findings reflect the crucial nexus between the conduct of GAD researches to teaching and the subjectivity in the process, contingent as it was on the competence of the teacher.The study recommends the provision of the wherewithal for teachers through a retooling process involving trainings and the development of a common GAD module. A required GAD subject for all students is likewise recommended to ensure the delivery of a certain level of uniformity in imparting the basic minimum.


Gender and Development; Public Policy; Implementation

Full Text:



Aguja, Hilton J. (2013). The Filipino Woman: A Gendered History. The Mindanao Forum. ISSN 0115-7892. Volume XXXIII No. 1.

Annala, J. & Mäkinen, M. (2011). The research-teaching nexus in higher education curriculum design. Transnational Curriculum Inquiry. Retrieved from

Coate, K. (2009). ‘Curriculum’, in M. Tight, K.H. Mok, J. Huisman and C.C. Morphew (Eds.) The Routledge International Handbook of Higher Education, New York: Routledge.

Commission on Higher Education. CHED Memorandum Order Series of 2015. Establishing the Policies and Guidelines on Gender and Development in the Commission on Higher Education and Higher Education Institutions. Retrieved from

Congress of the Philippines. Fourteenth Congress, Second Regular Session. (2008). Republic Act No. 9710. An Act Providing for the Magna Carta of Women. Retrieved from

Editorial, Balai Asian Journal, Volume II No. 4, December 1985.

Feliciano, Myrna S. (1996). ‘The Filipina: A Historical Legal Perspective’ in Women’s Role in Philippine History: Selected Essays. Quezon City: University of the Philippines’ Press.

Jenkins, A. (2004). A Guide to the Research Evidence on Teaching-Research Relations. The Higher Education Academy. Retrieved from

Kwiek, M. (2006). The Classical German Idea of the University Revisited, or on the Nationalization of the Modern Institution . Center for Public Policy Studies. Retrieved from

Marphatia, A. (2002). Integrating Gender into the Level I Basic Education Curriculum in the Republic of Mali. Development Alternatives, Inc.

Mlama, P., et al. (2005). Gender Responsive Pedagogy: A Teacher’s Handbook. Forum for African Women Educationalists.

Nolasco, Cynthia (1991). ‘The Women Problem: Gender, Class and State Oppression’ in Sr. Mary John Mananzan, OSB (ed), (1991). Essays on Women. Manila: The Institute of Women’s Studies, St. Scholastica College.

Neumann, R. (1992). Perceptions of the teaching-research nexus: a framework for analysis. Higher Education, 23 (2), 159–171.

Parker, J. (2002). A New disciplinarity: communities of knowledge, learning and practice. Teaching in Higher Education, 7 (4), 373–386.

Philippine Commission on Women. National Machinery for Gender Equality and Women's Empowerment. Retrieved from

Pinar, W.F. (1994) Autobiography, politics and sexuality. Essays in curriculum theory 1972–1992, New York: Peter Lang.

Santos, Aida F. (1991). ‘Do Women Really Hold Half the Sky’ in Sr. Mary John Mananzan, OSB (ed). Essays on Women. Manila: The Institute of Women’s Studies, St. Scholastica College.

Simons, M. and Elen, J. (2007). The ‘research-teaching nexus’ and ‘education through research’: an exploration of ambivalences. Studies in Higher Education, 32 (5), 617– 631.

The United Nations Fourth World Conference on Women. (1995, September). Retrieved from

UN General Assembly, Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women. United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 1249, p. 13. (1979, December 18). Retrieved from


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 43 times
PDF - 9 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta
Jln. Lingkar Selatan, Tamantirto, Kasihan, Bantul Yogyakarta
Telp: ( 0274) 387656 ext 249
Phone: 62274287656
Fax: 62274387646

Jurnal Studi Pemerintahan is licenced under a Creative Common Attribution 4.0 International Licence