The Understanding of Growth of Transport-Stop Node on Development Axis as Base of Development of New Strategy of Local Development1

EKO SANTOSO, HERU PURBOYO, DEWI SAWITRI

Abstract


Development-Axes (DA) theory , is a theory which is originally stated by Pottier (1963), and restated by Hilhorst (1972) as well
as stated as an alternative growth theory (Paelinck and Nijkamp, 1975, 1978; Richardson 1978, 198, 2011) in explaining the
existence of nodes or centers along development axes and the end-point cities (Richardson, 1978,1981). or prime center or growth
pole (Hilhorst, 1972) connected. Some of the real evidences of the implementation are the growing of many cities along highways in
America, along Grote Postweg road in Indonesia, and in many other countries. So it can be said that the theory is significance as
development strategy in the world, especially in making place from transport-stop node which has role as infant settlement to be
larger settlement (maybe as town or city in the future) along development axes. This paper focuses on seeking theoretical explanation
as new understanding about how the growth of transport-stop node (as one of the local nodes) along DA that is influenced by the
flow of people & goods along the axis. We found that the growth cannot be explained by resource-based growth theory alone and
neither other conventional theories of city growth. In fact, not all transport-stop node along DA could have same growth whether the
flow of people and goods are equal along the DA. Based on the observation and in-depth interview as well as questionnaire, we
found that the growth of transport-stop node is initiated by the existence of transport facility or service at development axes. We also
found that the growth of transport-stop node has five stages of growth and the “attractiveness” as the significant factor to the growth
of transport-stop node to be lager settlement. We argue that the implication of the explanation to the policy is useful in
decentralized era in Indonesia.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.18196/jgp.2013.0019

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