SHOULD THE DPD REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA BE PRESERVED?

Moh Ilham A Hamudy, M Saidi Rifky

Abstract


The DPD never carried-out its task of double-checking the legislation process. DPD membership is also connected with political parties. This study aimed to reexamine the need for the DPD and determine whether the DPD should be preserved or dissolved. This study was limited and focused on the 2004-2019 period and used the literature study and the descriptive method in collecting relevant information. The approach used in this study was a qualitative approach, which was appropriate since the existence of DPD was considered to be multidimensional. The results of the study showed the importance of revitalizing the authority of the DPD. There were a significant gap and inequality of authority between the DPR and the DPD, which was not in line with the bicameral system in other countries. The DPD's affiliation with political parties was very strong, due to multiple interpretations of Law No. 7 of 2017 concerning Elections on the requirements for DPD membership. As such, it is very urgent to optimize the DPD role. The role of the DPD, as a channel for the region's political and economic aspirations and needs in the national policy, should be repositioned according to the demands of the law.  However, if this role is not achieved, this nation should decide to dissolve the DPD. Of course, it should be conducted through a constitutional mechanism, via amendment of the 1945 Constitution.


Keywords


DPD, legislative, constitution, bicameral

Full Text:

PDF

References


Alwasilah, A. C. (2003). Pokoknya Kualitatif: Dasar-Dasar Merancang dan Melakukan Penelitian Kualitatif. Pustaka Jaya.

Arizona, Y. (2017). DPD, Politik Petualangan, dan Petualang Politik. Geotimes.Co.Id. https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&ved=2ahUKEwiD8cmew-nnAhVyxzgGHcsnCTEQFjAAegQIBRAB&url=https%3A%2F%2Fgeotimes.co.id%2Fkolom%2Fpolitik%2Fdpd-politik-petualangan-dan-petualang-politik%2F&usg=AOvVaw3vSNyPgw1fm-H59ZWevDZg

beritasatu.com. (2014). DPD RI Targetkan 10 UU Setiap Tahun.

Beritasatu.Com. https://sp.beritasatu.com/home/dpd-ri-targetkan-10-uu-setiap-tahun/70296

Cerro, M. M. (2013). The Senate: Chamber of Territorial Representation. Reasons for Its Existence. In The Ways of Federalism in Western Countries and the Horizons of Territorial Autonomy in Spain (pp. 233–240). Springer Berlin Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27720-7_18

Congress, L. of. (2014). The Evolving Congress; Committee on Rules and Administration United States Senate (S. PRT. 2014113–30; 113th Congress 2d Session). https://www.govinfo.gov/content/pkg/CPRT-113SPRT89394/pdf/CPRT-113SPRT89394.pdf

Dermawan, M. (2014). Kedudukan Dewan Perwakilan Daerah Dalam

Kelembagaan Legislatif Menurut Undang-undang Dasar 1945. Legal

Opinion, 2(4). https://www.neliti.com/publications/150910/kedudukan-dewan-perwakilan-daerah-dalam-kelembagaan-legislatif-menurut-undang-un

detik.com. (2017). Oesman Sapta Terpilih Menjadi Ketua DPD Gantikan Mohammad Saleh. Detik.Com. https://news.detik.com/berita/d-3464194/oesman-sapta-terpilih-menjadi-ketua-dpd-gantikan-mohammad-saleh

detik.com. (2019). OSO: Saya Tidak akan Mundur. Detik.Com. https://news.detik.com/berita/4396003/oso-saya-tidak-akan-mundur

dpd.go.id. (2010). Ketua DPD Memberi Catatan Kritis Pembangunan Daerah. Dpd.Go.Id. https://dpd.go.id/artikel-ketua-dpd-memberi-catatan-kritis-pembangunan-daerah

Elang, A. (2019). DPD RI Harus Jadi Lembaga Perwakilan Daerah yang Kuat. Suarakarya.Id. https://www.suarakarya.id/detail/100357/DPD-RI-Harus-Jadi-Lembaga-Perwakilan-Daerah-Yang-Kuat

Fachrudin, F. (2017). Ini Kekhawatiran jika Anggota DPD Masuk Partai Politik. Nasional.Kompas.Com. https://nasional.kompas.com/read/2017/03/31/19021441/ini.kekhawatiran.jika.anggota.dpd.masuk.partai.politik?page=all

Fernandez, O. (2015). Reforming the Spanish Senate : A Federalist Proposal Introduction (No. 01; IFF’s Summer University on Federalism, Decentralization and Conflict Resolution in 2014, Vol. 41, Issue 1).

Hanafi, T., Surjaningsih, R. D., Irawati, I., Faoziyah, U., Wulansari, T. R., & Sumirat, F. (2018). Prakarsa Pemerintah Daerah dalam Upaya Pengurangan Kesenjangan Wilayah dan Pembangunan Daerah. https://www.bappenas.go.id/files/4515/2154/6604/Laporan_Akhir_Bappenas_2017_v.25_Jan_2018.pdf

Handoyo, B. H. C. (2018). Hakikat Keberadaan Dewan Perwakilan Daerah dalam Demokrasi Desentralistik Pasca Reformasi di Indonesia [Program Doktor Ilmu Hukum Sekolah Pascasarjana Universitas Katolik Parahyangan]. http://repository.unpar.ac.id/handle/123456789/6592

Hukumonline.com. (2007). Amandemen UUD 1945 Gagal, DPD Incar Revisi UU Susduk. Hukumonline.Com. https://www.hukumonline.com/berita/baca/hol17347/amandemen-uud-1945-gagal-dpd-incar-revisi-uu-susduk/

Khan, K. (2017). Bicameralism in a Federation: An Historical Analysis of Role of Senate in Promoting Federalism in Pakistan. SSRN Electronic Journal, 22(1), 136–158. https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3119480

kompas.com. (2017). DPD Bukan Representasi Parpol, tetapi Wilayah. Kompas.Com. https://nasional.kompas.com/read/2017/03/31/18205201/.dpd.bukan.representasi.parpol.tetapi.wilayah

kompas.com. (2018). Ini Alasan MK Larang Pengurus Parpol Jadi Anggota DPD. Kompas.Com. https://nasional.kompas.com/read/2018/07/23/15535441/ini-alasan-mk-larang-pengurus-parpol-jadi-anggota-dpd

Lynch, M., Madonna, A., Owens, M., & Williamson, R. D. (2018). The Vice President in the U.S. Senate: Examining the Consequences of Institutional Design. Congress & the Presidency, 45(2), 145–165. https://doi.org/10.1080/07343469.2018.1444112

Mahmood, T. (2015). A Comparative Analysis of the Functioning of the Senate in USA and Pakistan. Journal of South Asian Studies, 30(2), 265–280. http://pu.edu.pk/images/journal/csas/PDF/17 Tahir Mahmood_30_2.pdf

Maiyestati, M. (2017). Fungsi Legislasi Dewan Perwakilan Daerah sebagai Representasi Daerah dalam Pembentukan Undang-Undang [Universitas Andalas]. http://scholar.unand.ac.id/26836/

Manan, B. (2003). DPD, DPR dan MPR dalam UUD 1945 Baru. FH UII Press.

Marzuki, M. (2008). Analisis Kontestasi Kelembagaan DPD dan Upaya Mengefektifkan Keberadaannya. Jurnal Hukum, 15(1), 81–100. https://media.neliti.com/media/publications/82970-ID-analisis-kontestasi-kelembagaan-dpd-dan.pdf

Mastur, M. (2017). Rekonstruksi Fungsi Dewan Perwakilan Daerah Dalam Pelaksanaan Fungsi Legislasi Berbasis Penguatan Bikameral [Universitas Sebelas Maret]. https://eprints.uns.ac.id/37019/

mediaindonesia.com. (2018). DPD RI Ajukan 10 Usulan RUU ke DPR RI. Mediaindonesia.Com. http://mediaindonesia.com/read/detail/179134-dpd-ri-ajukan-10-usulan-ruu-ke-dpr-ri

neraca.co.id. (2015). 11 Tahun DPD Momentum Memperkuat Peran Kelembagaan. Neraca.Co.Id. http://www.neraca.co.id/article/59665/11-tahun-dpd-momentum-memperkuat-peran-kelembagaan

Neta, Y. (2014). Upaya Peningkatan Peran Dewan Perwakilan Daerah (DPD) di Indonesia. FIAT JUSTISIA, 5(1), 89–102. https://doi.org/10.25041/fiatjustisia.v5no1.196

Niedobitek, M. (2018). The German Bundesrat and Executive Federalism. Perspectives on Federalism, 10(2), 198–214. https://doi.org/10.2478/pof-2018-0023

Nugroho, K. (2007). Problematika Dewan Perwakilan Daerah: Antara Fungsi Konstitusional dan Realitas Politik. Masyarakat, Kebudayaan Dan Politik, 20(2), 103–112. http://www.journal.unair.ac.id/filerPDF/Problematika Dewan Perwakilan Daerah.pdf

Patterson, S. C., & Mughan, A. (1999). Senates: Bicameralism In the Contemporary World: Parliaments and Legislatures Series. Ohio State University Press.

Pirmansyah, M. (2015). Eksistensi Dewan Perwakilan Daerah Dalam Sistem Bikameral Di Indonesia. Jurnal Cita Hukum, 1(1), 163–184. https://doi.org/10.15408/jch.v1i1.1461

Prime Minister. (1998). Modernising ParliamentReforming the House of Lords. https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/260760/4183.pdf

Purwaningsih, T., & Singka Subekti, V. (2017). Political Family and Intra-Party Democracy in Indonesia. (A Study on the Political Recruitment of the Golkar Party during the Reform Era in South Sulawesi). Journal of Government and Politics, 8(1), 141–165. https://doi.org/10.18196/jgp.8154

Putra, A. I. (2008). Penulisan Kerangka Ilmiah Tentang Peran Prolegnas dalam Perencanaan Pembentukan Hukum Nasional Berdasarkan UUD 1945 (Pasca Amandemen). https://doi.org/https://www.bphn.go.id/data/documents/peran_prolegnas_dalam_perencanaan_pembentukan_hukum_nasional.pdf

Putranto, G. A. (2018). Problematika Pengaturan Keanggotaan Dewan Perwakilan Daerah dari Kader dan Pengurus Partai Politik [Universitas Islam Indonesia]. https://dspace.uii.ac.id/handle/123456789/8397

republika.co.id. (2016). Mendamaikan Keributan di DPD. Republika.Co.Id. https://www.republika.co.id/berita/koran/politik-koran/16/03/19/o4a5rp1-mendamaikan-keributan-di-dpd

Rosidi, A. (2015). Kewenangan Dewan Perwakilan Daerah dalam Sistem Ketatanegaraan Republik Indonesia Berdasarkan Undang-Undang Dasar Negara Republik Indonesia Tahun 1945. Jurnal IUS Kajian Hukum Dan Keadilan, 3(2), 282–298. https://doi.org/10.12345/IUS.V3I8.213

Ruliah, R. (2018). Penataan Kewenangan Dewan Perwakilan Daerah (DPD) dalam Sistem dalam Ketatanegaraan di Indonesia. Halu Oleo Law Review, 2(1), 387–402. http://ojs.uho.ac.id/index.php/holrev/article/view/4197

Sugiyono. (2015). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif dan R&D (Qualitative and Quantitative Research Methods). Alfabeta.

tempo.co. (2017a). Pakar Tata Negara: Perkuat Wewenang DPD. Tempo.Co. https://nasional.tempo.co/read/853442/pakar-tata-negara-perkuat-wewenang-dpd

tempo.co. (2017b). Skenario Oesman Sapta Pimpin DPD: Kompromi Dulu, Setelah Itu... Tempo.Co. https://nasional.tempo.co/read/863581/skenario-oesman-sapta-pimpin-dpd-kompromi-dulu-setelah-itu/full&view=ok

Thaib, D. (2016). Menuju Parlemen Bikameral (Studi Konstitusional Perubahan Ketiga UUD 1945). Jurnal Hukum IUS QUIA IUSTUM, 10(23), 85–97. https://doi.org/10.20885/iustum.vol10.iss23.art5

Tribunnews.com. (2019). Pengurus Parpol Membangkang, Nekat Daftar Jadi Anggota DPD Meski Sudah Dilarang: Ini Tanggapan MK. Tribunnews.Com. http://www.tribunnews.com/nasional/2019/01/31/pengurus-parpol-membangkang-nekat-daftar-jadi-anggota-dpd-meski-sudah-dilarang-ini-tanggapan-mk

Ulya, Z. (2016). Kontradiksi Kewenangan Dewan Perwakilan Daerah Ditinjau dari Segi Kemandirian Lembaga dalam Sistem Bikameral. Jurnal Hukum Samudra Keadilan, 11(2), 172–184. https://media.neliti.com/media/publications/240371-kontradiksi-kewenangan-dewan-perwakilan-5fecd33c.pdf

Volden, C., & Wiseman, A. E. (2018). Legislative Effectiveness in the United States Senate. The Journal of Politics, 80(2), 731–735. https://doi.org/10.1086/697121

Wasti, R. M. (2017). Fungsi Representasi Dewan Perwakilan Daerah Republik Indonesia sebagai Lembaga Perwakilan Daerah. Jurnal Hukum & Pembangunan, 47(4), 439–458. https://doi.org/10.21143/.vol47.no4.1587

Wibisono, Y. (2018). Penguatan Fungsi Pengawasan Dewan Perwakilan Daerah dalam Rangka Proses Demokratisasi di Tingkat Lokal. Ilmu Dan Budaya, 40(56), 6435–6460. http://journal.unas.ac.id/ilmu-budaya/article/view/416

Zada, K. (2015). Kewenangan Legislasi Dewan Perwakilan Daerah dalam Reformasi Kelembagaan Perwakilan Pasca Putusan Mahkamah Konstitusi. JURNAL CITA HUKUM, 3(1), 25–38. https://doi.org/10.15408/jch.v2i1.1839

Zed, M. (2004). Metode Penelitian Kepustakaan. Yayasan Pustaka Obor Indonesia.


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 8 times
PDF - 4 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

JKSG
Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta
Jln. Lingkar Selatan, Tamantirto, Kasihan, Bantul Yogyakarta
Telp: ( 0274) 387656 ext 249
Phone: 62274287656
Fax: 62274387646
Email: jgp@umy.ac.id


Jurnal Studi Pemerintahan is licenced under a Creative Common Attribution 4.0 International Licence