The Migration Policy during Covid-19 Outbreak: The Case of Indonesia’s Immigration Governance

Ridwan Arifin, Anindito Rizki Wiraputra

Abstract


Makalah ini membahas kasus tata kelola imigrasi menanggapi kebijakan migrasi Indonesia selama wabah Covid-19. Hal ini mengindikasikan kebijakan imigrasi di Indonesia yang dengan cepat berubah setiap bulannya menjadi isu yang serius, misalnya tentang tumpang tindih kewenangan di perbatasan, kebijakan yang terfragmentasi, sengketa penegakan hukum di perbatasan, dan kebingungan tentang kebijakan visa dan izin tinggal. Makalah ini menerapkan metodologi penelitian kualitatif studi kasus tunggal dengan pendekatan kerangka teori. Studi ini menemukan bahwa kebijakan dan tata kelola migrasi di Indonesia dalam pandemi Covid-19 telah memasukkan teori tata kelola dengan lima proposisi seperti yang dijelaskan dalam Stoker (1998). Namun, tanggung jawab penutupan stasiun lintas batas kabur yang mengindikasikan tidak adanya koordinasi antar lembaga perbatasan, dan ini bisa mengarah pada menyalahkan dan mengkambinghitamkan. Kebijakan imigrasi di perbatasan Indonesia menggambarkan proses pembuatan kebijakan yang ketat namun tidak konsisten dimana instrumen kebijakan direvisi dan diperpanjang setiap bulan. Kebijakan tersebut belum dirancang untuk situasi setelah krisis Covid-19 di Indonesia dinyatakan selesai oleh otoritas yang berwenang.

Keywords


migration governance, migration policy, global migration, border studies

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abidin, N. E. J., & Deliarnoor, N. A. (2018). The Authority Of Borderland Management In Indonesia. Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal, 5(4).

Agarwal, S. (2020). Asian Countries Response and Management against the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Aljazeera, Coronavirus: Travel restrictions, border shutdowns by country. (2020, 31 March 2020). Aljazeera.com. Retrieved from https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/03/coronavirus-travel-restrictions-border-shutdowns-country-200318091505922.html

Alonso, J. A., & Ocampo, J. A. (2015). Global governance and rules for the post-2015 era: addressing emerging issues in the global environment: Bloomsbury Publishing.

Behnke, N., Broschek, J., & Sonnicksen, J. (2019). Configurations, Dynamics and Mechanisms of Multilevel Governance: Springer.

Benedict, K. (2001). Global governance. Armsterdam: Pergamon.

Bernstein, S., & van der Ven, H. (2017). Best practices in global governance. Review of International Studies, 43(3), 534-556.

Betts, A. (2010). Global Migration Governance – the Emergence of a New Debate. 1-4. Retrieved from https://www.geg.ox.ac.uk/sites/geg.bsg.ox.ac.uk/files/Betts%20Global%20Migration%20Governance%20PB.pdf

Betts, A. (2011). The Global Governance of Migration and the Role of Trans-Regionalism. In R. Kunz, S. Lavenex, & M. Panizzon (Eds.), Multilayered migration governance: The promise of partnership (Vol. 89): Taylor & Francis.

Bevir, M. (2009). Key concepts in governance: Sage.

Bevir, M., & Hall, C. I. (2011). Global governance. In The SAGE handbook of governance: Sage Publications Inc.

Brunet-Jailly, E. (2005). Theorizing borders: An interdisciplinary perspective. Geopolitics, 10(4), 633-649.

Buchanan, A., & Keohane, R. O. (2006). The legitimacy of global governance institutions. Ethics & international affairs, 20(4), 405-437.

Caponio, T., & Jones-Correa, M. (2018). Theorising migration policy in multilevel states: the multilevel governance perspective. In: Taylor & Francis.

Cerutti, F. (2012). Two Global Challenges to Global Governance. Global Policy, 3(3), 314-323.

Chambers, P. (2015). The embrace of border security: Maritime jurisdiction, national sovereignty, and the geopolitics of operation sovereign borders. Geopolitics, 20(2), 404-437.

Chimienti, M. (2018). The failure of global migration governance. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 41(3), 424-430.

Cornelius, W. A., & Rosenblum, M. R. (2004). Immigration and Politics. The Center for Comparative Immigration Studies(8), 99-119.

Czaika, M., & Haas, D. (2013). The effectiveness of immigration policies. Population Development Review, 39(3), 487-508.

The Decision Letter of Minister of Law and Human Rights Indonesia about Tempat Pemeriksaan Imigrasi, (2014).

Dennis, A. (2020). Ruby Princess cruise ship: Blame must be shared for one of the worst disasters in modern cruising. Retrieved from https://www.traveller.com.au/ruby-princess-cruise-ship-blame-must-be-shared-for-one-of-the-worst-disasters-in-modern-cruising-h1nfn7. Retrieved 2 June 2020, from Traveller https://www.traveller.com.au/ruby-princess-cruise-ship-blame-must-be-shared-for-one-of-the-worst-disasters-in-modern-cruising-h1nfn7

Dickie, M. (2020). Improving Australian migration policy in the COVID-19 crisis. Retrieved from https://www.policyforum.net/improving-australian-migration-policy-in-the-covid-19-crisis/. Retrieved 1 June 2020, from Aisa and the Pacific Policy Society https://www.policyforum.net/improving-australian-migration-policy-in-the-covid-19-crisis/

Duez, D. (2016). A Community of Borders, Borders of Community: The EU's Integrated Border Management Strategy. In E. Vallet (Ed.), Borders, fences and walls: State of insecurity? (pp. 51-66). London: Routledge.

European Commision: Guidelines for integrated border management in the Western Balkans. (2004). In. Europe: European Commission.

European Commission: Temporary Reintroduction of Border Control. (2020). Retrieved from https://ec.europa.eu/home-affairs/what-we-do/policies/borders-and-visas/schengen/reintroduction-border-control_en. Retrieved 1 May 2020, from European Comission https://ec.europa.eu/home-affairs/what-we-do/policies/borders-and-visas/schengen/reintroduction-border-control_en

Ferris, E. G., & Donato, K. M. (2019). Refugees, migration and global governance: Negotiating the Global Compacts: Routledge.

Guidelines for Integrated Border Management in the Western Balkans (2007). Europe Retrieved from https://www.legislationline.org/download/id/3647/file/EC%20Guidelines%20for%20Integrated%20Border%20Management%20in%20the%20Western%20Balkans%202007.pdf

Hanson, G. H. (2010). The governance of migration policy. Journal of Human Development and Capabilities, 11(2), 185-207.

Hanson, G. H. (2012). Immigration and economic growth. Cato J., 32, 25.

Hepburn, E., & Zapata-Barrero, R. (2014). Introduction: Immigration policies in multilevel states. In The Politics of Immigration in Multi-level States (pp. 3-18): Springer.

Homsy, G. C., Liu, Z., & Warner, M. E. (2019). Multilevel governance: Framing the integration of top-down and bottom-up policymaking. International Journal of Public Administration, 42(7), 572-582.

Johnson, P. M. (2019). 13 Creating Sustainable Global Governance. Guiding Global Order: G8 Governance in the Twenty-First Century, 245.

Joppke, C., & Seidle, F. L. (2012). Immigrant integration in federal countries (Vol. 2): McGill-Queen's Press-MQUP.

Junianto, A. (2020). Mengemis di Jogja, Imigrasi Yogyakarta Tangkap Warga Pakistan. HarianJogja. Retrieved from https://jogjapolitan.harianjogja.com/read/2020/03/18/510/1034639/salah-gunakan-izin-tinggal-warga-pakistan-ditangkap

Keast, R. L., Mandell, M., & Brown, K. A. (2006). Mixing state, market and network governance modes: the role of government in" crowded" policy domains. International Journal of Organization Theory and Behavior, 9(1), 27.

Kolossov, V. (2005). Border studies: changing perspectives and theoretical approaches. Geopolitics, 10(4), 606-632.

Koslowski, R. (2003). Information technology and integrated border management. Paper presented at the Proceedings of the Workshop on Managing International and Inter-Agency Cooperation at the Border.

Kraal, K., Penninx, R., & Berger, M. (2006). The dynamics of international migration and settlement in Europe: A state of the art: Amsterdam University Press.

Leo, C., & August, M. (2009). The multilevel governance of immigration and settlement: Making deep federalism work. Canadian Journal of Political Science/Revue canadienne de science politique, 491-510.

Maggetti, M., & Trein, P. (2019). Multilevel governance and problem‐solving: Towards a dynamic theory of multilevel policy‐making? Public Administration, 97(2), 355-369.

Matsuyama, T., & Miyazaki, T. (2017). The Effects of Immigration on Social Expenditure in Host Countries. Retrieved from

Newland, K. (2012). The GFMD and the Governance of International Migration. In I. Omelaniuk (Ed.), Global perspectives on migration and development: GFMD Puerto Vallarta and beyond (Vol. 1, pp. 227-240). New York: Springer Science & Business Media.

Osanloo, A., & Grant, C. (2016). Understanding, selecting, and integrating a theoretical framework in dissertation research: Creating the blueprint for your “house”. Administrative issues journal: connecting education, practice, and research, 4(2), 7.

Paquet, M., & Schertzer, R. (2020). COVID-19 as a Complex Intergovernmental Problem. Canadian Journal of Political Science/Revue canadienne de science politique, 1-5.

Ramadhan, D. N. S. (2020). Langgar izin tinggal, belasan WNA bakal dideportasi Imigrasi Jakbar. Antara. Retrieved from https://www.antaranews.com/berita/1258683/langgar-izin-tinggal-belasan-wna-bakal-dideportasi-imigrasi-jakbar

Rusdiyanta. (2017). Collaborative Border Management as the Strategic Revitalization of State Border Management in Indonesia International Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics, 116(24), 415-426.

Rusdiyanta, Warella, Y., Suwitri, S., & Warsono., H. (2018). Strengthening The Capacity Of Border And Regional Development Agency Lag (BP2DT) In West Kalimantan Province In The Management Area Of Land Border. International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research, 9(3), 858-874.

Sassen, S. (2013). When territory deborders territoriality. Territory, Politics, Governance, 1(1), 21-45.

Schierup, C.-U., Likic-Brboric, B., Delgado Wise, R., & Toksöz, G. (2019). Migration, civil society and global governance: An introduction.

Schierup, C. U., Ålund, A., & Likić‐Brborić, B. (2015). Migration, precarization and the democratic deficit in global governance. International migration, 53(3), 50-63.

Scholte, J. A. (2011). Global governance, accountability and civil society. Building global democracy, 19.

Scholten, P., & Penninx, R. (2016). The multilevel governance of migration and integration. In Integration processes and policies in Europe (pp. 91-108): Springer, Cham.

Stoker, G. (1998). Governance as theory: five propositions. International social science journal, 50(155), 17-28.

Tehranian, M. (2005). Cultural Security and Global Governance: International Migration and Negotiations of Identity. In J. Friedman & S. Randeria (Eds.), Worlds on the Move: Globalization, Migration and Cultural Security A Review Article (pp. 3-23). New York: I.B. Tauris.

Wasem, R. E. (2018). Immigration Governance for the Twenty-First Century. Journal on Migration and Human Security, 6(1), 97-120.

Weiss, T. G. (2000). Governance, good governance and global governance: conceptual and actual challenges. Third World Quarterly, 21(5), 795-814.

Yin, R. K. (2017). Case study research and applications: Design and methods: Sage publications.

Zapata-Barrero, R. (2009). Immigration and self-government of minority nations: Peter Lang.

Zincone, G., & Caponio, T. (2006). 10. The Multilevel Governance of Migration. The dynamics of international migration and settlement in Europe, 269.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.18196/jgp.113122

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 172 times
PDF - 35 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

JKSG
Postgraduate Building, Jusuf Kalla School of Government,

Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta
Jln. Lingkar Selatan, Tamantirto, Kasihan, Bantul Yogyakarta
Telp: ( 0274) 387656 ext 336
Phone: 62274287656
Fax: 62274387646
Email: jgp@umy.ac.id



Jurnal Studi Pemerintahan is licenced under a Creative Common Attribution 4.0 International Licence