Keberanian dalam Mengambil Keputusan dan Risiko sebagai Karakter Wirausaha Petani Padi Organik Di Kabupaten Bantul

Nur Rahmawati, Triyono Triyono

Abstract


Entrepreneurship on organic farming is often faced with high risks. This study aims to determine the courage of farmer in decision making and risk taking on organic rice farming and to know the factors that influence it. The research was conducted by survey method. Data were collected through interviews to 116 organic rice farmers in Bantul Regency, then analyzed descriptively and regression analysis. The results showed that the courage of farmers in decision making and risk taking on the organic rice farming is strong enough. Age, training, market orientation and cooperation network have a positive effect on the courage of farmer in decision making; while government support has a negative effect. Meanwhile, the courage of farmer in risk taking on organic rice farming is influenced by market orientation.

Keywords


decision making; entrepreneurship; organic rice farming; risk taking

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abidin, M. (2007). Seri Wirausaha yang Tepat. Jakarta: Yayasan Bina Karya Mandiri.

Ainin, S. Kamarulzaman, Y. Farinda, A. G., & Azmi, A. C. (2010). Business and Entrepreneur Characteristics influence on Business Performance of Professional Small Medium Enterprises. Proceedings of ECIE.The 5th European Conference on Entrepreneurship and Innovation (pp 31). Greece: University of Athens.

Anonim. (2010). Padi Organik Tahan Gempa. http://www.trubus-online.co.id. available online April 2010.

Batoa, H., Amri J. A., & Susanto, D. (2008) . Faktor-Faktor Yang Berhubungan Dengan Kompetensi Petani Rumput Laut Di Kabupaten Konawe Provinsi Sulawesi Tenggara. Jurnal Penyuluhan, 4(1): 30-38.

Baum, J. R., Locke, E. A., & Smith, K. G. (2001). A Multidimenssional Model of Venture Growth. Academic Management Journal, 44(2): 292-303.

Budiasa, I. W. (2014). Organic Farming as an Introduction Farmoing System Development toward Sustainable Agriculture in Bali. Asia Journal of Agriculture and Development, 11(1): 66-75.

Donovan, S. J., Guss, C. D., & Naslund, D. (2015). Improving Dynamic Decision Making Through Training and Self-reflection. Judgment and Decision Making, 10(4): 284-295.

Gatheya, J. W., Bwisa, H. M., & Kihoro, J. M. (2011). Interaction between Women Entrepreneurs’ Age and Education on Business Dynamic in Small and Medium Enterprises in Kenya. International Journal of Business and Social Science, 2(15): 265-272.

Hartono, S. (2013). Pengembangan Bisnis Petani Kecil. dalam Widodo (ed). Peran Agribisnis Usaha Kecil dan Menengah untuk Memperkokoh Ekonomi Nasional. Liberty.

Heflin, F. Z. (2011). Be Enterpreneur. Yogyakarta: Graha Ilmu.

Hendro. (2011). Dasar-Dasar Kewirausahaan. Jakarta: Erlangga.

Hidayat, A. S., & Lesmana, T. (2011). The Development of rice Organic Farming in Indonesia. RIEBS, 2(1): 1-14.

Hisrich, R. D., Peters, M. P., & Shepherd, D. A. (2005). Entrepreneurship. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Indarti, N., (2004). Factors Affecting Entrepreneurial Intentions among Indonesian Students. Jurnal Ekonomi dan Bisnis, 19(1): 57-70.

Itani, Hanifa, Sidani, Y. M. & Imad Baalbaki. (2011). United Arab Emirates Female Entrepreneurs: Motivations and Frustations. Equality, Diversity and Inclusion. An International Journal, 30(5).

Koh, C., H. (1996). Testing Hypotheses of Entrepreneurial Characteristics : A study of Hong Kong MBA Students. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 11(3): 12-25.

Kustiyah, F., Mustadjab, M., & Anindita, R. (2009). Analisis Kinerja Program Bantuan Pinjaman di Madura. Jurnal Agro Ekonomi, 27(2): 109–134.

Lumpkin, G.T., & Dess, G.G. (2001). Linking Two Dimensions of Entrepreneurial Orientation to Firm Performance: The Moderating Role of Environment and Industry Life Cycle. Journal of Business Venturing, 16(5): 429-451.

Mat, I. E. N., & Razak, R. C. (2011). Attributes, Environment Factors and Women Entrepreneurial Activity: A Literature Review. Asian Social Science, 7(9): 124 – 130.

Meredith, G. G., Nelson, R. E., & Neck, P. A. (1995). Kewirausahaan: Teori dan Praktek (terjemahan). Jakarta: Binaman Pressindo.

Minniti, M., & Naude, W. (2010). What Do We Know About The Patterns and Determinants of Female Entrepreneurship Across Countries. European Journal of Development Research, 22(3): 277-293.

Mosher, A. T. (1991). Menggerakkan dan Membangun Pertanian: Syarat-syarat Mutlak Pembangunan dan Modernisasi (terjemahan). Jakarta: Yasaguna.

Naguchi, T., & Hills, T. T. (2016). Experience Based Decision Favor Riskier Alternative in Large Setting. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 29(5): 489-498.

Nursiah, T., Kusnadi, N., & Burhanuddin. (2015). Perilaku Kewirausahaan Pada Usaha Mikro Kecil (UMK) Tempe Di Bogor Jawa Barat. Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia 3(2): 145-158.

Nuryanti, S., & K. S. Swastika, D. (2011). Peran Kelompoktani dalam Penerapan Teknologi Pertanian. Forum Penelitian Agro Ekonomi, 29(70): 115–128.

Nwibo, S. U., & Alinbo, J. O. (2013). Determinant of Investment Decision Among Agribusiness Investor in South-East Nigeria. IOSR. Journal of Business and Management, 8(6): 60-67.

Papalova, Z., & Andrea, G. (2016). Role of Strategic Analysis in Strategic Decision Making. In Procedia Economics and Finance 39 (pp 571-579). Rome: 3rd Global Confrence on Business, economics and Finance.

Prihtanti, M.T. (2013). Kinerja dan Multifungsi Sistem Usahatani Padi Organik dan Konvensional. Pasca Sarjana Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta.

Roomi, M. A., & Harrison, P. (2008). Training Needs for Women-owned SMEs in England. Education and Training, 50(8/9): 687-696.

Saragih, B. (1996). Peningkatan Keunggulan Daya Saing Agribisnis Memasuki Era Persaingan. Makalah disampaikan pada Seminar Nilai Tambah dalam Peningkatan Daya Saing Agribisnis di Tengah Era Globalisasi, diselenggarakan oleh CGL Communication dan DPP HKTI, Jakarta 25 Juli 1996.

Statistik Pertanian Organik Indonesia. (2011). Aliansi Organis Indonesia. Jakarta

Stone, P. B., Lieblein, G., & Francis, C. (2008). Potentials for Organik Agriculture to Sustain Livelihoods in Tanzania. International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability, 6(1): 22-36.

Tambunan, T. (2005). Usaha Kecil dan Menengah di Indonesia: Beberapa Isu Penting. Jakarta: Salemba Empat.

Wibowo, R. (2005). State of The Art Ilmu Ekonomi Pertanian Indonesia. Jurnal Agro Ekonomi, edisi Khusus Tahun XXXV, Oktober 2005.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18196/agr.3253

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.