Khalifany Ash Shidiqi


Economic sanction has been widely used and increasingly a popular tool in maintaining peace and political stability in the world. The use of economic sanction, as opposed to the use of military power, to punish target countries have been supported by the Charter of United Nations (UN). Tsebelis (1990) modelled economic sanctions using game theory namely the Sanction Game. This paper focuses on the refinement of the sanction game proposed by Tsebelis (1990) to analyse international relations. Recent findings from various studies on the effectiveness of economic sanction have been used to reconstruct the game.


Economic Sanction, the Sanction/Inspection Games, Mixed Strategy Equilibrium.

Full Text:



Baldwin, David A. (2000). The Sanction Debate and the Logic of Choice. The MIT Press, Vol. 24, No. 3: 80-107

Frey, B.S. and Holler, M.J. (1998). Tax Compliance Policy Reconsidered, Homo Oeconomicus 15:27-44.

Holler, M.J. and Host, V. (1990). Maximin vs Nash Equilibrium: Theoretical Results and Empirical Evidence, in Quandt R.E., and Triska, D. (eds). (1990), Optimal Decisions in Markets and Planned Economies. Westview Press.

Hufbauer, Gary Clyde, Jeffrey J. Schott, Kimberly Ann Elliott, and Barbara Oegg (2007). Economic Sanctions Reconsidered, Institute for International Economics. Washington DC, 3rd Edition. ISBN 978-0-88132-408-2, 350pp.

O’conor, Theresa M (1940). The Embargo on the Export Provisions. Irish Historical Studies Publication. Vol. 5

Pape Robert A (1997). Why Economic Sanctions Do Not Work. The MIT Press, Vol. 22, No. 2,

Pradiptyo, R. (2007), Does Punishment Matter? A Refinement of the Inspection Game, Review of Law and Economics, vol. 3, issue 2, article 2, p.197-219.

Pradiptyo, R. (2009), The Impact of Sanctions and Crime Prevention Initiatives when Decisions are Strategic, Mimeo, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Gadjah Mada.

Tsebelis, George (1989). The Abuse of Probability in Political Analysis: The Robinson Crusoe Fallacy. The American Political Science Review, Vol. 83, No.1.

Tsebelis, George (1990). Are Sanctions Effective? A Game-Theoretic Analysis, Journal of Conflic Resolution 34:3-28.

United Nations. Charter of the United Nation Chapter V: The Security Council.

United Nations. Charter of the United Nations Chapter VII: Action with Respect to Threats to the Peace, Breaches of the Peace and Acts of Agression.

Sunderland, Riley (1960). The Secret Embargo. University California Press. Vol. 29. No. 1.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Redaksi JESP UMY, Jalan Brawijaya, Tamantirto, Kasihan, Bantul, Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta 55183
Telp: (0274) 387656 ext.184
Fax: (0274) 387646
WA: +62 82327 810 910
Jurnal Ekonomi & Studi Pembangunan (JESP) is licensed under an International License.

Jurnal Ekonomi & Studi Pembangunan is indexed by: