REMAJA BISA MENCEGAH GIZI LEBIH DENGAN MENINGKATKAN SELF-EFFICACY DAN KONSUMSI SAYUR-BUAH (Adolescents can prevent overweight with increasing self-efficacy and vegetable-fruit consumption)

Fauzan Widianto, Sigit Mulyono, Poppy Fitriyani

Abstract


Abstrak

Prevalensi gizi lebih pada remaja setiap tahunnya mengalami peningkatan. Gizi lebih merupakan suatu masalah yang kompleks yang dipengaruhi oleh banyak faktor, salah satunya kurangnya konsumsi sayuran dan buah. kurangnya konsumsi sayuran dan buah di asumsikan tidak adanya keyakinan (self-efficacy) pada remaja untuk mengonsumsi sayuran dan buah karena beberapa hal. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui hubungan self-efficacy dengan konsumsi sayuran-buah dan kejadian gizi lebih. Metode yang digunakan adalah crossectional. Jumlah sampel yang digunakan adalah 156 remaja kelas 7 dan 8. Tekhnik pengambilan sample yang digunakan adalah stritified propotional random sampling. kuesioner yang digunakan adalah Self-efficacy for fruit, vegetable and water intake dan food recall. Penelitian ini menunjukan bahwa self-efficacy berhubungan dengan konsumsi sayuran dan buah dan kejadian gizi lebih (OR=9,467, 2,093). Hasil regersi logistik menunjukan preferensi merupakan variabel confounding pada konsumsi sayuran dan buah. sedangkan jenis kelamin, genetik dan konsumsi sayuran dan buah merupakan variabel confounding dari gizi lebih.

Abstract

 

The prevalence of overweight in adolescents each year has increased. Overweight is a complex issue that is influenced by many factors, one of the cautions is the lack of consumption vegetables and fruit. Lack of consumption vegetables and fruit in the adolescents is assumed to be absence of confidence (self-efficacy) in adolescents to eat vegetables and fruit for several reasons. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship self-efficacy with vegetable-fruit consumption and the incidence of overweight. The method of research used way cross sectional. A total samples of 156 teenagers grade 7 and 8 in Junior high schools was involved in this study. Using stratified proportional random sampling. The questionnaires used are Self-efficacy for Fruit, Vegetable and Water Intake and Food Recall.  This study showed that self-efficacy associated with the consumption of vegetables and fruit and the incidence of overwight (OR=9,467, 2,093).. The results of regresion logistic showed  preferences had confounding variable in the consumption of vegetables and fruit. whereas gender, genetics and consumption of vegetables and fruit is a confounding variable of nutrition


Keywords


Gizi Lebih, Konsumsi Sayuran dan Buah, Obesitas, Remaja, Self-efficacy

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References


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