Islamic Movement Global Jihad: Analysis of online media framing

Imam Suprabowo


In 2015-2016, news in online media related to jihad issues developed significantly, marked by the emergence of various religious sites. However, in the Indonesian context, there has not been much literature that specifically explores the relationship between online media ideology and religious issues. To fill this gap, this article aimed to analyze the framing of Islamic online media related to the issue of jihad. This research used descriptive qualitative to analyze the issue of jihad in online media. The Entman framing theory applied in this study, including jihad as war, improving welfare, dangerous jihad, enforcement of Islamic law and jihad against the authorities. The study focused on four Islamic sites of, Hidayatullah, Hizb ut-Tahrir Indonesia, NU online and Republika online from 2015-2016. The results showed that Arrahmah portrayed jihad in the framework of war to uphold Allah’s law, while framed jihad as a real war. Hidayatullah focused on liberating Muslim lands related to conflicts in the Rohingya and Palestine. In comparison, NU Online uplifted jihad for the welfare of the community. One of the biggest frameworks was to defend the state for the welfare of society, eradicating ignorance and poverty, and anti-corruption jihad. In the fourth media, Republika online emphasized social welfare and jihad and pushed it over other news. From the analysis, the issue of jihad was framed differently by online Islamic media. Consequently, the difference was in the selection of events, the frequency of news titles, the emphasis on the selection of words, examples and illustrations.


Framing, Jihad, Online Media

Full Text:



Bergin, A., Osman, S.B., Ungerer, C & Yasin, N.A.M. (2009). Countering Internet Radicalization in South East Asia, An RSIS - ASPI Joint Report, March 2009, Issue 22.

Byrne, Christina, L., Darin, S., Nei., Jamie, D. B., Michael, G., Hughes, J. L., Davis, J. A., Griffith, L. N., Harkrider, K. S., Hester, A. D. & Issac, C. R. (2013). Online Ideology: A Comparison of Website Communication and Media Use. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 18(2), pp. 137-153.

Creswell, J. W. (2007). Qualitative Inquiry and Research Design Choosing among Five Approaches (2nd edition). California: Sage Publications Inc.

Entman, R. M. (1993). Framing: Toward Clarification of a Fractured Paradigm. Journal of Communication. 43 (4).

Hendropriyono. (2009). Jewish Christian fundamentalist Islamic terrorism.. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 18, 137-153. Doi: 10.1111 / jcc4.12003.

Hui, J. Y. (2010). The Internet in Indonesia, development and Impact of Radical websites, Studies in Conflict and Terrorism. 33 (2). Studies in Conflict & Terrorism 33(2), pp, 171-191.

Jainuri, A. “Terrorism and Radicalism, Roots Ideology and Demands Action”. Publication Inc.

Jennings, W. (2006).”Book Reviews.” Journal of Communication 56(4), pp. 869–870.

Kandi, Rosmiyati Dewi. “BNPT Serahkan Tinjau Ulang Pemblokiran Situs Islam Ke Kominfo.” nasional. Accessed March 3, 2021.

Kiousis, S. (2004). Explication Media Salience: A Factor Analysis of the New York Times Issue Coverage During the 2000 US Presidential ElectionJournal of Communication, 54 (March): 71 87.DOI: 10.11ll / j.1460-2466.2004.tb026l4.x

Kitzinger, J. (2007). Framing and Frame Analysis. Media Studies: Key Issues and Debates. London, UK: Sage, pp. 134-161.

Lincoln, Y. S., Lynham., S. A, & Guba, E. G. (2011) paradigmatic Controversies, Contradictions and Emerging Confluences, Revisited. In Denzin, NK and Lincoln, YS (eds). The Sage Handbook of Qualitative Research, California: Sage.

Mala, F. (n.d). E-Dakwah: Tinjauan Awal Kontestasi Islam, Dakwah, dan Internet. 15.

Muzakki, A. (2004). The Roots, Strategies and Popular Perception of Islamic Radicalism in Indonesia. Journal of Indonesian Islam, 8 (1).

Noer, D. Modern Islamic Movement in Indonesia 1900-1942, Jakarta: LP3ES 1990.

Noor, F. A., Sikand, Y., & Bruinessen, M. (ed). The Madrasa in Asia: Political activism and transnational linkage, Vol 2, Amsterdam University, 2008.

Paletz, D. L. & Entman, R. M. (1980). Presidents, Power, and the Press. Presidential Studies Quarterly, 10 (3).

Scheufele, D. A. (1999). Framing as a Theory of Media EtTects. Journal of Communication 49.

Twediana, B. H. (2019). Framing Media Islam Terhadap Isu Jihad Radikalisme Dan Terorisme. Publisher: LP3M, Yogyakarta.

Van, G., & Baldwin. (2007). The constructionist Approach to pack in Frame Bringing culture. Journal of Communication.

Zada, K. Radical Islamic mass organizations struggle Islam Teraju hardliners in Indonesia, South Jakarta, Article Media. 2002.


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 178 times
PDF - 21 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Afkaruna: Indonesian Interdisciplinary Journal of Islamic Studies

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Afkaruna: Indonesian Interdiciplinary Journal of Islamic Studies indexed by: