Islamic Law, Adat and State Law Franz von Benda-Beckmann on Systems of Property and Inheritance in Minangkabau

Novelia Musda

Abstract


Franz von Benda-Beckmann is a famous figure in the field of legal pluralism. He is one among scholars who propose to understand the plurality of norms in a society. Among his many works, those on Minangkabau are well-known in the study of Anthropology of Law (Rechtsethnologie). This article attempts to analyse his ideas in a book entitled Property in Social Continuity: Continuity and Change in the Maintenance of Property Relationships through Time in Minangkabau, West Sumatra published in 1979. It has its relevance in the seminar Anthropology of Islamic Law, especially when the book talked about the pluralistic situation of laws in Minangkabau on problems of property and inheritance. Because the book is predominantly about Minangkabau adat, the author focuses on adat’s relation with Islamic law and more specifically on the problem of inheritance which has been a source of much “competition” between both systems to regulate the society. Keyword: Islamic law, adat, Minangkabau, anthropology, legal pluralism

Keywords


Islamic law; adat; Minangkabau; anthropology; legal pluralism

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References


Benda-Beckmann, F. v. (1979): Property in Social Continuity: Continuity and Change in the Maintenance of Property Relationships Through Time in Minangkabau, West Sumatra. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff.

Benda-Beckmann, F. v. (1993): Scapegoat and Magic Charm: Law in Development Theory and Practice. In Mark Hobart (ed.) An Anthropological Critique of Development: The Growth of Ignorance. London, Routledge, pp 116- 134.

Benda-Beckmann, F. v. (1994): Rechtspluralismus: Analytische Begriffsbildung oder Politisch- Ideologisches Programm? In: Zeitschrift für Ethnologie, 119, 1-16.

Benda-Beckmann, F. v. (2001): State, Religion and Legal Pluralism: Changing Constellations in West Sumatra (Minangkabau) and Comparative Issues (19-th Working Paper). Halle/Saale: Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology.

Benda-Beckmann, F.v. and K. v. Benda-Beckmann (2007): Gesellschaftliche Wirkung von Recht: Rechtsethnologische Perspektiven. Berlin: Dietrich Reimer Verlag. Dupret, B. Berger, M. et al (1999): Legal Pluralism in the Arab World. The Hague: Kluwer Law International.

Huda, Y. (2003): Islamic Law versus Adat: Debates about Inheritance Law and the Rise of Capitalism in Minangkabau (MA Thesis). Leiden: University of Leiden.

Manan, I. (1984): A Traditional Elite in Continuity and Change: the Chiefs of the Matrilineal Lineages of the Minangkabau of West Sumatra, Indonesia ( A Disserta- tion). Michigan: University Microfilms International.

Sangguno Dirajo I. Dt. (2003): Curaian Adat Minangkabau. Bukittinggi: Kristal Multimedia. Syarifuddin, A. (1984): Pelaksanaan Hukum Kewarisan Islam dalam Lingkungan Adat Minangkabau. Jakarta: Gunung Agung.

http://www.eth.mpg.de/dynamic-index.html?http:// www.eth.mpg.de/people/fbenda/project.html




DOI: https://doi.org/10.18196/aiijis.2012.0014.188-201

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