Islamic Philantrophy and Muhammadiyah’s Contribution to the Covid-19 Control In Indonesia

Muchammad Ichsan

Abstract


Philanthropy is one of the most significant Islamic teachings, and it has been practiced by Muhammadiyah, one of Indonesia 's moderate Islamic organizations. As the pandemic of Covid-19 broke out, many parties — including Muhammadiyah — were motivated to get involved in handling it. This research aims to reveal what Muhammadiyah has done and is currently doing to overcome Covid-19 and the extent of its impact on the wider community. For this purpose, the descriptive-analysis method is employed in its writing. Among the findings of this study is that one of the most consistent Islamic philanthropic organizations since its establishment in Indonesia is Muhammadiyah. In the Covid-19 issue, Muhammadiyah has contributed a lot and continues to take a significant role in overcoming it. Among other things, Muhammadiyah has formed the Muhammadiyah Covid-19 Command Center (MCCC), which is a special team formed to handle Covid-19. This team has been working since it was founded and continues to work on this case. The results of the work included assistance in the field of health that is needed such as providing hospitals, doctors, medical personnel, and medicine. Assistance in the field of education such as making educational media, subsidizing credit for students, and discounting student study fees. And assistance in the social sector such as cash assistance, distribution of groceries, and the provision of free sahur (food before fasting) and takjil (food for breaking fasting) in Ramadhan 1441H. Besides, through the Tarjih and Tajdid Assembly, Muhammadiyah has provided religious guidance for its members during this pandemic so that they are not confused about practicing worship. The impact of these programs and actions is that members of Muhammadiyah, and in general the wider community, are greatly helped in the health, education, social and religious fields.


Keywords


Islamic Philanthropy, Muhammadiyah, Contribution, Covid-19, Indonesia.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Alawiyah, Tuti. 2013. “Religious Non-Governmental Organizations and Philanthropy in Indonesia.” Indonesian Journal of Islam and Muslim Societies 3, no. 2, pp. 203–221.

Ali, Shazia Maqsood and Muhammad. 2016. “Region Report Southern and Southeastern Asia Overview of the Region,” https://scholarworks.iupui.edu/bitstream/handle/1805/15964/Southern and Southeastern Asia.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y.

Benthall, Jonathan. 1999. “Financial Worship : The Quranic Injunction to Almsgiving.” The Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 5, no. 1, pp. 27–42.

Bisnis.com. 2020. “Jokowi Resmi Bentuk Gugus Tugas Penanganan COVID-19, Kepala BNPB Jadi Ketua,” https://kabar24.bisnis.com/read/20200313/15/1213167/jokowi-resmi-bentuk-gugus-tugas-penanganan-COVID-19-kepala-bnpb-jadi-ketua.

Center, Muhammadiyah Covid-19 Command. 2020. “Kolaborasi MCCC Dan Berbagai Lembaga Dalam Perang Melawan Corona.” Yogyakarta. https://covid19.muhammadiyah.id/kolaborasi-mccc-dan-berbagai-lembaga-dalam-perang-melawan-corona/.

Center, Muhammadiyah Covid-19 Command. 2020. “Laporan Penanganan COVID-19 Muhammadiyah per 26 Mei 2020,” https://covid19.muhammadiyah.id/laporan-penanganan-COVID-19-muhammadiyah-per-26-mei-2020/.

Center, Muhammadiyah Covid-19 Command. 2020. “Muhammadiyah Menolak Berdamai Dengan COVID-19,” https://covid19.muhammadiyah.id/muhammadiyah-menolak-berdamai-dengan-COVID-19/.

Center, Muhammadiyah Covid-19 Command. 2020. “Tentang Kami,” https://covid19.muhammadiyah.id/tentang-kami/.

COVID-19, Gugus Tugas Percepatan Penanganan. 2020. “Pasien Sembuh COVID-19 Bertambah 235 Orang, Kasus Positif Naik 415, Meninggal 27,”. https://covid19.go.id/p/berita/pasien-sembuh-COVID-19-bertambah-235-orang-kasus-positif-naik-415-meninggal-27.

COVID-19, Gugus Tugas Percepatan Penanganan. 2020. “Tanya Jawab,”. https://covid19.go.id/tanya-jawab?page=4.

Fauzia, Amelia. 2008. “Faith and State: A History of Islamic Philanthropy in Indonesia.” The University of Melbourn.

Fauzia, Amelia. 2010. “Philanthropy, Social Justice, and the Islamic Tradition.” Alliance 15, no. 4, pp. 31–32.

Fuadi, Ariza. 2012. “Towards the Discourse of Islamic Philanthropy for Social Justice in Indonesia.” Afkaruna Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu KeIslaman 8, no. 2, pp. 92–102. doi:10.18196/AIIJIS.2012.

GhaneaBassiri, Kambiz. 2017. “U.S. Muslim Philanthropy After 9/11.” Journal of Muslim Philanthropy & Civil Society 1, no. 1, pp. 4–22.

Indonesia, CNBC. 2020. “Jokowi Tunjuk Doni Monardo Jadi Panglima Pemberantas Corona,” https://www.cnbcindonesia.com/news/20200313212424-4-144838/jokowi-tunjuk-doni-monardo-jadi-panglima-pemberantas-corona.

Indonesia, Presiden Republik. 2020. Keputusan Presiden (KEPPRES) Nomor 7 Tahun 2020 tentang Gugus Tugas Percepatan Penanganan Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19), Pub. L. No. Nomor 7 Tahun 2020. https://peraturan.bpk.go.id/Home/Details/134544/keppres-no-7-tahun-2020.

Kato, Hisanori. 2016. “Philanthropic Aspects of Islam: The Case of the Fundamentalist Movement in Indonesia.” Comparative Civilizations Review 74, no. 74, pp. 101–14. https://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/ccrAvailableat:https://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/ccr/vol74/iss74/8.

Latief, Hilman. 2016. “Philanthropy and ‘Muslim Citizenship’ in Post-Suharto Indonesia.” Southeast Asian Studies 5, no. 2, pp. 269–286. doi:10.20495/seas.5.2.

Media, Kompas Cyber. 2020. “Mendagri Keluarkan Surat Edaran Soal Pembentukan Gugus Tugas Penanganan COVID-19 Di Daerah,”. https://nasional.kompas.com/read/2020/03/30/11234971/mendagri-keluarkan-surat-edaran-soal-pembentukan-gugus-tugas-penanganan.

Muhammadiyah, Pimpinan Pusat. 2020. “Edaran Pimpinan Pusat Muhammadiyah Nomor 02/Edr/I.0/E/2020 Tentang Tuntunan Ibadah Dalam Kondisi Darurat Covid-19.” Yogyakarta: Pimpinan Pusat Muhammadiyah. http://www.muhammadiyah.or.id/muhfile/download/EDARAN Tuntunan Ibadah di Masa Darurat Covid-19.pdf.

Muhammadiyah, Pimpinan Pusat. 2020. “Edaran Pimpinan Pusat Muhammadiyah Nomor 04/Edr/I.0/E/2020 Tentang Tuntunan Salat Idulfitri Dalam Kondisi Darurat Pandemi Covid-19.” Yogyakarta: Pimpinan Pusat Muhammadiyah. http://www.muhammadiyah.or.id/muhfile/download/EDARAN 04 tahun 2020-Shalat Id di Masa Darurat Covid-19 final.pdf.

Muhammadiyah, Pimpinan Pusat. 2020. “Pernyataan Pers Pimpinan Pusat Muhammadiyah Nomor: 002/Per/I.0/I/2020 Tentang Pemberlakuan New Normal.” Yogyakarta: Pimpinan Pusat Muhammadiyah. https://covid19.muhammadiyah.id/Pernyataan-Pers-Pp-Muhammadiyah-Tentang-Pemberlakuan-New-Normal/.

Muhammadiyah, Pimpinan Pusat. 2020. “Surat Maklumat Pimpinan Pusat Muhammadiyah Nomor 02/MLM/I.0/H/2020 Tentang Wabah Corona Virus Disease 2019 (Covid-19).” Yogyakarta: Pimpinan Pusat Muhammadiyah. http://www.muhammadiyah.or.id/muhfile/download/EDARAN Tuntunan Ibadah di Masa Darurat COVID-19.pdf.

Muhammadiyah, Suara. 2018. “Daftar Perguruan Tinggi Muhammadiyah Dan ‘Aisyiyah,” https://www.suaramuhammadiyah.id/2018/11/23/daftar-perguruan-tinggi-muhammadiyah-dan-aisyiyah-2018/.

Muhtada, D. 2014. “Islamic Philanthropy and the Third Sector: The Portrait of Zakat Organizations in Indonesia.” Islamika Indonesiana 1, no. 1, pp. 106–123.

Organization, World Health. 2020. “Events as They Happen,”. https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/events-as-they-happen.

Organization, World Health. 2020. “Q&A on Coronaviruses,”. https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/question-and-answers-hub/q-a-detail/q-a-coronaviruses.

Pauline Tan and Swee-Sum Lam. 2018. “Philanthropic Foundations In Asia.” Asia Centre for Social Entrepreneurship & Philanthropy, no. February.

Post, The Jakarta. 2020. “Indonesia Scrambles to Contain Coronavirus as Most Hospitals Not Ready,”. https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2020/03/13/indonesia-scrambles-to-contain-coronavirus-as-most-hospitals-not-ready.html.

Saidu, Oluwaseun S, and Mulkat A Oguntola. 2015. “Recent Philanthropy Strides : Lessons for Islamic Philanthropy.” Research in Islamic Studies 2, no. 2, pp. 59–81. doi:10.15364/ris15-0202-05.

Singer, Amy. 2018. “The Politics of Philanthropy.” Journal of Muslim Philanthropy & Civil Society II, no. I, pp. 2–20. doi:10.2979/muslphilcivisoc.2.1.01.

Umum, Majelis Pembina Kesehatan. 2020. “Data Rumah Sakit Muhammadiyah-‘Aisyiyah. https://www.mpku.or.id/data-rumah-sakit-muhammadiyah-aisyiyah/.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.18196/AIIJIS.2020.0116.114-130

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 19 times
PDF - 16 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Afkaruna: Indonesian Interdisciplinary Journal of Islamic Studies

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.



p-ISSN (Print) 2599-0551, e-ISSN (Online) 2599-0586

Afkaruna: Indonesian Interdiciplinary Journal Of Islamic Studies indexed by:   


Office:

tumblr counter
Afkaruna View My Stats