Differences Use of Yoga and Self-Tapping Towards Long Pain of Primary Dysmenorrhea on Adolescent

Mar’atun Ulaa, Wiwin Lismidiati, Elsi Dwi Hapsari


Background: Dysmenorrhea is a common complaint in young women, characterized by pain. Dysmenorrhea pain has a significant impact on women's lives, such as limitations in daily activities. Primary dysmenorrhea can be treated using yoga and self-tapping. 

Objective: understanding differences on use of Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM), such as yoga and self-tapping towards changing long pain of primary dysmenorrheal.  

Method: Study was conducted by quasi experiment with nonequivalent pretest-posttest control group design. Study was conducted on November 2016 until February2017 in SMK “A” Pedan Klaten and SMK “B” Klaten. Sample of study amounted 88 respondent divided on 47 respondents on experimental group and 41 respondent as control group. The experimental group was given a yoga intervention; control group was given self-tapping. Measuring tool using Numerical Rating Scale (NRS). Data analysis using t-test for independent sample, Mann-Whitney test and Wilcoxon.

Result: Statistically yoga and self-tapping were equally effective in reducing the long pain of primary dysmenorrheal with p values of 0.000 and 0.012 respectively. Clinically yoga is more effective in reducing the long pain of primary dysmenorrhea with mean 1,49 compared with self-tapping 0,46.

Conclusion: Yoga become more effective intervention on reduction long pain of primary dysmenorrhea compared to self-tapping.


primary dysmenorrhea; yoga; self-tapping; long pain; adolescent

Full Text:



Zhu X, Proctor M, Bensoussan A, Wu E and Smith CA. 2008. Chinese Herbal Medicine for Primary Dysmenorrhoea (review). The Cochrane Library, Issue 2.

Fedorowicz Z, Nasser M, Jagannath VA, Beaman JH, Ejaz K and van Zuuren EJ. 2012. Beta2 Adrenoceptor Agonists for Dysmenorrhoea (review). The Cochrane Library.Issue 5.

Sugumar R, Krishnaiah, Charnnavera GS and Mruthyunjaya S. 2013.Comparison of the Pattern, Efficacy, and Tolerability of Self-medicated Drugs in Primary Dysmenorrhea: A Questionnaire Based Survey. Indian J Pharmacol; 45(2): 180–183

Rodrigues AC, Gala S, Neves A, Pinto C, Meirelles C, Frutuoso C and Vitor ME. 2011. Dismenorreia Em Adolescentes E Jovens Adultas Prevalencia, factores Associados e Limitacoes na Vida Diaria. Acta Med Port; 24 (S2): 383-392.

Azurah AGN, Sanci L, Moore E & Gover S, 2013. The Quality of Life of Adolescents with Menstrual Problem.J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol; 26; 102-108.

Dmitrovic R, Kunselman AR and Legro RS. 2013. Sildenafil Citrate in the Treatment of Pain in Primary Dysmenorrhea a Randomized Controlled Trial. Human Reproduction, Vol.28, No.11 pp. 2958–2965

Azima S, Bakhshayesh H, Kaviani M, Abbasnia K and Sayadi M. 2015.Comparison of the Effect of Massage Therapy and Isometric Exercises on Primary Dysmenorrhea A randomized Controlled Clinical Trial. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol; xxx; 1-6.

Proverawati A dan Misaroh S. 2009.Menarche Menstruasi Pertama Penuh Makna.Yogyakarta: Nuha Medika

Mardhiyah U, Rosidi A dan Purwanti IA. 2015. Pola Dysmenorrhea Primer pada Remaja di MAN 1 Semarang. The 2nd University Reasearch Coloquium.

Wijayanti E. 2008. Hubungan Stres dengan kejadian Dysmenorrhea Primer pada Remaja di SMA Muhammadiyah 1 Yogyakarta.Skripsi. Universitas Gadjah Mada.

Johnson PJ, Ward A, Knutson L, and Sendelbach S. 2012.Personal Use of Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) by U.S. Health Care Worker.HRS: Health Services Research, Part I , 47:1

Cramer H, Lauche Rand Dobos G, 2014. Characteristics of Randomized Controlled Trials of Yoga: a Bibliometric Analysis. Complementery and Alternative Medicine, 14; 328

Aziato L, Dedey F and Dlegg-Lamptey JNA. 2015. Dysmenorrhea Management and Coping among Students in Ghana: A Qualitative Exploration. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol. 28; 163-169

Sakuma Y, Otomaru AS, Ishida S, Kanoya Y, Arakawa C, Mochizuki Y, Seiishi Y and Sato C. 2012. Effect of a Home-Based Simple Yoga Program in Child-Care Workers: A Randomized Controlled Trial. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, Volume 18, Number 8, pp. 769-776

Nakagawa I. 2010.The Association of Tapping Touch, Japan.

Potter and Perry.2006. Buku Ajal Fundamental Keperawatan (Edisi 4). Jakarta: EGC

Banikarim C, Geffner M, Blake D and Hoppin AG, 2015. Primary Dysmenorrhea in Adolescents. UpToDate, www.uptodate.com

Kolhe S and Deb S. 2011.Dysmenorrhoea; Review.Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Medicine. 21:11

Perry SE, Hockenberry MJ, Lowdermilk DL and Wilson D, 2014.Maternal Child Nursing Care. St. Louis, Missouri; Elsevier Mosby

Al- Kindi R and Al-Bulushi A. 2011.Prevalence and Impact of Dysmenorrhea among Omani High School Students.SQU Med J, Vol. 11, Iss. 4; 485-491

Osayande AS and Mehulic S. 2014.Diagnosis and Initial Management of Dysmenorrhea.Am Fam Physician; 89 (5): 341-346.

American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG), 2015. Committe Opinion; Menstruation in Gils and Adolescents: Using the Menstrual Cycle as a Vital Sign.

Dhayita P. 2011. Hubungan Stabilitas Emosi Sebelum Menstruasi Dengan Munculnya Dysmenorrhea pada Remaja di SMAN 1 Cangkringan di Wilayah Bencana Merapi. Skripsi. Universitas Gadjah Mada.

Rakhshaee Z. 2011. Effect of Three Yoga Poses (Cobra, Cat and Fish Poses) in Women with Primary Dysmenorrhea: A Randomized Clinical Trial. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol; 24; 192 – 196

Siahaan K, Erniati dan Maryati I. 2011. Penurunan Tingkat Dismenore pada Mahasiswi Fakultas Ilmu Keperawatan UNPAD dengan Menggunakan Yoga.FIK UNPAD.

Rani K, Tiwari SC, Singh U, Agrawal GG, and Srivastava N. 2011. Six-month Trial of Yoga Nidra in Menstrual Disorder Patients: Effects on somatoform Symptoms. Ind Psychiatry J; 20(2): 97-102.

Akbar HW. 2015. Pengaruh Self Tapping Terhadap Penurunan Level Nyeri Dysmenorrhea Primer pada Mahasiswi Program Studi Ilmu Keperawatan Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada. Skripsi. Universitas Gadjah Mada.

Manurung MF, Utami S dan Rahmalia S. 2015. Efektifitas Yoga Terhadap Nyeri Dismenore pada Remaja.JOM Vol. 2 No. 2

DOI: https://doi.org/10.18196/ijnp.1370

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 62 times
PDF - 32 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

IJNP (Indonesian Journal of Nursing Practices) are indexed by:


School of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine and Health Science, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta
Siti Walidah Building F3, 4th floor.
JL. Brawijaya, Tamantirto, Kasihan, Bantul, Yogyakarta 55183
Email: IJNP@umy.ac.id
Web: http://journal.umy.ac.id/index.php/ijnp

Creative Commons License
Indonesian Journal of Nursing Practice is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

View My Stats