The Correlation between The Knowledge Level of Diabetes Management toward The Preprandial Glucose Levels

Fahni Haris, Linda Yuli Kristianti

Abstract


Background: Knowledge about diabetes mellitus affects the lifestyle of patients who suffer from diabetes mellitus. Knowledge is one of the essential factors that determine health management for patients.

Objective: This study aimed to determine the relationship between the knowledge level of diabetes mellitus (DM) management and preprandial glucose levels.

Method: This study uses a quantitative cross-sectional method in which the correlation between the knowledge level and the preprandial glucose levels was calculated.  Sixty-eight respondents were selected using purposive sampling. The knowledge level of DM management was measured using a questionnaire which consists of 28 questions. The value of the preprandial glucose level was measured using a test tool (easytouch®). The data were analyzed using Pearson product-moment correlation test. The study was conducted from January to February 2019.

Result: The result shows that respondents have a high level of knowledge of diabetes management, in which the score is 20.37 on average. The respondents have an average preprandial glucose level of 139.72 dl/mg. The Pearson product-moment correlation test shows a significant correlation between the knowledge of DM management and the preprandial glucose level with the coefficient correlation at -0.422, and p<0.001 (ρ<0.05).

Conclusion: There is a correlation between the knowledge level of diabetes management toward preprandial glucose levels.

Keywords


Diabetes mellitus; Level of knowledge; Management; Preprandial blood glucose

Full Text:

PDF

References


Al Slail, F. Y., Afridi, H. U., Fadl, S. M., & Kheir, O. O. (2018). Levels of health awareness in diabetic patients during Ramadan 2015: Focus group discussion in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health, 7(Suppl. 1), S49-S54. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jegh.2018.04.004

Albuquerque, C., Correia, C., & Ferreira, M. (2015). Adherence to the therapeutic regime in person with type 2 diabetes. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 171, 350-358. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.01.132

Alfiani, N., Yulifah, R., & Sutriningsih, A. (2017). Hubungan pengetahuan diabetes melitus dengan gaya hidup pasien diabetes melitus di Rumah sakit tingkat II dr. Soepraoen Malang. Nursing News, 2(2), 390-402.

Cagnacci, A., Zanin, R., Cannoletta, M., Generali, M., Caretto, S., & Volpe, A. (2007). Menopause, estrogens, progestins, or their combination on body weight and anthropometric measures. Fertility and sterility, 88(6), 1603-1608. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fertnstert.2007.01.039

Djuned, S., & Dieny, F. F. (2014). Pengaruh Diet Indeks Glikemik Tinggi dan Rendah Terhadap Kadar Glukosa Darah Atlet Lari. Journal of Nutrition College, 3(4), 565-572. https://doi.org/10.14710/jnc.v3i4.6851

Fahra, R. U., Widayati, N., & Sutawardana, J. H. (2017). Correlation Between the Role of Nurse as Educator and Self Care Behaviour in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus at Internal Medicine Unit of Bina Sehat Hospital Jember. NurseLine Journal, 2(1), 61-72. https://doi.org/10.19184/nlj.v2i1.5197

Forouhi, N. G., & Wareham, N. J. (2010). Epidemiology of diabetes. Medicine, 38(11), 602-606. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mpmed.2010.08.007

Haris, F., & Nugraheni, A. A. (2017). Level of Family Knowledge on Diabetes Mellitus Diet in Yogyakarta. Advanced Science Letters, 23(12), 12563-12567. https://doi.org/10.1166/asl.2017.10817

Hermanns, N., Ehrmann, D., Schipfer, M., Kröger, J., Haak, T., & Kulzer, B. (2019). The impact of a structured education and treatment programme (FLASH) for people with diabetes using a flash sensor-based glucose monitoring system: results of a randomized controlled trial. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, 150, 111-121. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diabres.2019.03.003

Koye, D. N., Magliano, D. J., Nelson, R. G., & Pavkov, M. E. (2018). The global epidemiology of diabetes and kidney disease. Advances in chronic kidney disease, 25(2), 121-132. https://doi.org/10.1053/j.ackd.2017.10.011

Kwon, Y. J., Hong, K. W., Park, B. J., & Jung, D. H. (2019). Serotonin receptor 3B polymorphisms are associated with type 2 diabetes: The Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study. Diabetes research and clinical practice, 153, 76-85. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diabres.2019.05.032

Lawton, J., & Rankin, D. (2010). How do structured education programmes work? An ethnographic investigation of the dose adjustment for normal eating (DAFNE) programme for type 1 diabetes patients in the UK. Social science & medicine, 71(3), 486-493. https://10.1016/j.socscimed.2010.04.030

Maharani, D. S., Herawati, V. D., & Anggraeni, T. (2014). Efektifitas Pendidikan Kesehatan Terhadap Peningkatan Pengetahuan Mendeteksi Tanda Dan Gejala Hiperglikemia Dan Hipoglikemia Pada Pasien Diabetes Mellitus. Jurnal Ilmu Keperawatan Indonesia (JIKI), 7(2), 79-90.

Ministry of Health RI. (2013). Riset Kesehatan Dasar: RISKESDAS 2013 [Press release]. Retrieved from https://pusdatin.kemkes.go.id/resources/download/general/Hasil%20Riskesdas%202013.pdf

Ministry of Health RI. (2018). Hari Diabetes Sedunia Tahun 2018. Retrieved from https://pusdatin.kemkes.go.id/article/view/19041500002/hari-diabetes-sedunia-2018.html

Notoatmodjo. (2007). Promosi Kesehatan dan Ilmu Perilaku. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Perdana, A. A., Ichsan, B., & Rosyidah, D. U. (2013). Hubungan tingkat pengetahuan tentang penyakit DM dengan pengendalian kadar glukosa darah pada pasien DM Tipe II di RSU PKU Muhammadiyah Surakarta. Biomedika, 5(2), 17-21. https://doi.org/10.23917/biomedika.v5i2.265

Ramsar, U., Trisnantoro, L., & Putri, L. P. (2017). Implementasi Program Pengelolaan Penyakit Kronis (Prolanis) di Puskesmas Poasia Kota Kendari. Jurnal Kebijakan Kesehatan Indonesia: JKKI, 6(4), 200-203. https://doi.org/10.22146/jkki.v6i4.26899

Tsalissavrina, I., Tritisari, K. P., Handayani, D., Kusumastuty, I., Ariestiningsih, A. D., & Armetristi, F. (2018). Hubungan lama terdiagnosa diabetes dan kadar glukosa darah dengan fungsi kognitif penderita diabetes tipe 2 di Jawa Timur. AcTion: Aceh Nutrition Journal, 3(1), 28-33. http://dx.doi.org/10.30867/action.v3i1.96

WHO. (2018). Diabetes: Key facts. Retrieved from https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/diabetes

Widyasari, N. (2017). Relationship of Respondent’s Characteristic with The Risk of Diabetes Mellitus and Dislipidemia at Tanah Kalikedinding. Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi, 5(1), 130-141. http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/jbe.V5I12017.130-141


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

IJNP (Indonesian Journal of Nursing Practices) are indexed by:

Office:

School of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine and Health Science, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta
Siti Walidah Building F3, 4th floor.
JL. Brawijaya, Tamantirto, Kasihan, Bantul, Yogyakarta 55183
Email: IJNP@umy.ac.id
Web: http://journal.umy.ac.id/index.php/ijnp

Creative Commons License
Indonesian Journal of Nursing Practice is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

View My Stats