Restructuring State-Owned Enterprises (SOEs) as a Strategy to Face Demonopolization Policies

Putu Samawati Saleh

Abstract


The demonopolization policy on State-Owned Enterprises (SOEs) makes SOEs as an independent corporations by prioritizing profit motives while running a business for public benefits. The opportunity for private companies to become competitors of SOEs that have been running a monopoly business is one of the challenges for SOEs to compete. Restructuring of SOEs is a strategy to survive in business. The fundamental goal to achieve is that SOEs can become the main business entity that plays a role in national development by combining corporate/business principles and public services, but it still rests on the concept of democratic economy as a characteristic of Indonesian. The main problem to improve the role of SOEs in being able to be independent and competitive would be presented through normative juridical (doctrinal) research by using secondary data as the main data. The findings in the normative-prescriptive analysis would then be interacted using qualitative descriptive analysis methods through inductive conclusions. The results is finding an external and internal improvement strategy for the company by strengthening the concept of restructuring as an effort to enhance the role SOEs to be independent, competitive, and contributive to the sovereign, fair, and prosperous national economy.

Keywords


Corporatization, State Owned Enterprises, Strengthen Company, Demonopolization

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ali, Achmad. 1996. Menguak Tabir Hukum: Suatu Kajian Filosofis dan Sosiologis. Jakarta, Candra Pratama.

Anggoro, Teddy. 2016. Monopoli Alamiah Badan Usaha Milik Negara. Depok, Herya Media.

Asshiddiqie, Jimly. 2010. Konstitusi Ekonomi. Jakarta, Kompas.

Baswir, Revrisond. 2010. Manifesto Ekonomi Kerakyatan. Yogyakarta, Pustaka Pelajar.

Damanik, E.D. 1985. Kemakmuran Masyarakat Berasaskan Koperasi, dalam Membangun Sistem Ekonomi Nasional: Sistem Ekonomi dan Demokrasi Ekonomi. Jakarta, UI Press.

Gie, Kwik Kian. 1998. Praktek Bisnis dan Orientasi Ekonomi Indonesia. Jakarta, PT. Gramedia Pustaka Utama & IBBI.

Haris, Abdul. 2001. 7 Pilar Perusahaan Unggulan: Implementasi Kriteria Baldrige untuk Meningkatkan Kinerja Perusahaan. Jakarta, Gramedia Pustaka.

Hartini, Rahayu. 2017. BUMN Persero: Konsep Keuangan Negara dan Hukum Kepailitan di Indonesia. Malang, Setara Press.

Hartono, Sunaryati. 1988. Hukum Pembangunan Ekonomi Pembangunan Indonesia. Bandung, Bina Cipta.

________________. 1994. Penelitian Hukum di Indonesia Pada Akhir Abad ke 20. Bandung, Alumni.

Ilmar, Aminuddin. 2012. Hak Menguasai Negara dalam Privatisasi BUMN. cetakan pertama. Jakarta, Kencana Prenada Media Group.

Komite Nasional Kebijakan Governance. 2006. Pedoman Umum Good Corporate Governance Indonesia. Jakarta, KNKG.

Manan, Abdul. 2013. Aspek-aspek Pengubah Hukum. Jakarta, Kencana Prenada Media Group.

Mertokusumo, Sudikno. 2002. Mengenal Hukum. Yogyakarta, Liberty.

Muhadjir, Noeng. 1998. Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif. Yogyakarta, Rake Sarasin.

Peterson, Willis L. 2009. Principle of Economics (Micro). Illionos, Irwin.

Saidin, OK. 2016. Mencari dan Menjadi Hukum Indonesia: Refleksi Pemikiran Prof. Mahadi. Jakarta, PT. Raja Grafindo Persada.

Sidharta, Bernard Arief. 2001. Filsafat Ilmu Hukum. Bandung, Laboratorium Hukum Fakultas Hukum Universitas Khatolik Parahyangan.

Simatupang, Dian Puji. 2011. Paradoks Rasionalitas Perluasan Ruang Lingkup Keuangan Negara, dan Implikasinya Terhadap Kinerja Keuangan Pemerintah. Jakarta, Badan Penerbit FH-UI.

Soejono dan H. Abdurrahman. 2003. Metode penelitian hukum. Jakarta, PT.Rineka Cipta.

Soekanto, Soerjono dan Mamudji, Sri. 2006. Penelitian Hukum Normatif. Jakarta, Rajawali.

Soekarno. 2003. Lahirnya Pantja-Sila: Pidato Pertama tentang Pancasila. Blitar, Departemen Penerangan Republik Indonesia.

Stiglizt, Joseph E. 2007. Making Globalization Work: Menyiasati Globalisasi Menuju Dunia yang Lebih Adil. Diterjemahkan Edrijani Azwaldi. Bandung, Mizan.

Sumawinata, Sarbini. 2004. Politik Ekonomi Kerakyatan. Jakarta, Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Sunggono, Bambang. 2007. Metodologi Penelitian Hukum. Jakarta, PT.Raja Grafindo Persada.

Swasono, Sri-Edi. 2005. Ekspose Ekonomi: Mewaspadai Globalisme dan Pasar Bebas. Yogyakarta, Pustep UGM.

Swasono, Sri Edi. (ed.). 2010. Membangun Sistem Ekonomi Nasional-Sistem Ekonomi dan Demokrasi Ekonomi. Jakarta, UI Press.

Thomas, Clark and Pitelis, Christos (ed.) 1993. The Political Economy of Privatization. USA, Routledge.

Decision of Constitution Court No.002/PUU-I/2003. Pengujian Undang-undang No.22 Tahun 2001 Tentang Minyak dan Gas Bumi.

Decision of Constitution Court, No.36/PUU-X/2012. Pengujian Undang-undang No. 22 tahun 2001 Tentang Minyak dan Gas Bumi.

Agosto, Mayo. 2005. “The OECD Principles of good corporate governance”. Organization of Economic Co-operation and Development. Source: http://www.cya.unam.mx/index.php/cya/article/view/562/560

Clarke, Donald. 2003. “Corporatization, not Privatization”, China Economic Quarterly. Vol. 7 No.3.

Niels, Petersen. 2013. “Antitrust Law and The Promotion of Democracy and Economic Growth”. Journal of Competition Law & Economic. 9(3). Doi:10.1093/joclec/nht003. source: http://jcle.oxfordjournals.org/at Gadjah Mada University on November 9, 2015.

Prasetyo, Kukuh Fadli. 2012. “Politik Hukum di Bidang Ekonomi dan Pelembagaan Konsepsi Welfare State di dalam Undang-Undang Dasar 1945”. Journal Konstitusi 9 (3) September.

Rodriques, Artur and Pereira, Paulo J. 2011. “Investment Decisions in Granted Monopolies Under The Threat of a Random Demonopolization.” Economic Jornal Faculty of Economic University of Parto: Portugal.

Ruru, Barcelius. 1996. “Arah Kebijakan BUMN: Menghadapi Era AFTA dan APEC 2010”. Jurnal Keuangan dan Moneter. Jakarta: Badan Kebijakan Fiskal.

Sedlak, Mikulas and Roberts, Ivanka. 1991. “An Inevitable part of Economic Reform: Demonopolization and The Development of Economic Competition. Soviet and Eastern European Foreign Trade Journal. Vo. 27. No.2 (Summer 1991). Taylor & Francis Ltd: Soviet. http://www.jstor.org/stable/2774925.

Thynne, Ian. 1996. “Corporatization as a Strategy of State-Owned Enterprise Reform”, in ed. Yuen. Ng. Chee et all. State-Owned Enterprise Reform in Vietnam: Lessons from Asia, Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies.

Swasono. 2008. “Kesokoguruan Ekonomi Rakyat dan Triple-Co”. Harian Umum Suara Pembaharuan, Jakarta, 14 Juli.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.18196/jmh.20190119

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 16 times
PDF - 10 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
The Jurnal Media Hukum is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

 

JMH Visitor