Kandungan Senyawa Saponin pada Daun, Batang dan Umbi Tanaman Binahong (Anredera cordifolia (Ten) Steenis)

Umar Hafidz Asy’ari Hasbullah

Abstract


Saponin is one of the bioactive compounds present in plants. Saponin has the benefit of human health. Indonesian has been used binahong (Anredera cordifolia (Ten) Steenis) to medicine. However, empirical evidence regarding the content of saponin in binahong not been revealed. This study aims to determine the qualitative and quantitative content of saponins in plants binahong. The results showed that base on Tin Layer Chromatography (TLC) analysis, saponin content in the leaves, stems and tubers binahong both young and old were positive. Quantification results the young leaves, old leaves, young stems, old stems, young tubers and old tubers: 1.37ìg/mg, 2.36ìg/mg, 1.89ìg/mg, 1.2ìg/mg, 1.55ìg/mg and 1.35ìg/mg respectively. 


Keywords


Saponin; Anredera cordifolia; Binahong 

Full Text:

PDF

References


Astuti, S.M., M. Sakinah A.M, R. Andayani B.M dan A. Risch. 2011. Determination of saponin compound from Anredera cordifolia(Ten) Steenis plant (binahong) to potential treatment for several diseases. Journal of Agricultural Science 3(4):224-232.

Baumann, E., G. Stoya, A. Volkner, W. Richter, C. Lemke dan W. Linss. 2000. Hemolysis of human erythrocytes with saponin affects the membrane structure. Acta Histochem 102:21-35.

Bogoyavlenskiy, A. P., P. G. Alexyuk, I. A. Zaitseva, M. S. Alexyuk, N. S. Sokolova dan V. E. Berezin. 2014. Saponin adjuvant for human and veterinary vaccines. Abstracts/Journal of Biotechnology S96,185S:S37-S125.

Cheeke, P. R.. 1971. Nutritional and physiological implications of saponins: a review. Canadian Journal of Animal Science 51:621-632.

Chen, Y., C. Yang, M. Chang, Y. Ciou dan Y. Huang. 2010. Foam properties and detergent abilities of the saponins from Camellia oleifera. International Journal of Molecular Sciences 11:4417-4425.

Chen, Y., H. Roan, C. Lii, Y. Huang dan T. Wang. 2011. Relationship between antioxidant and antiglycation ability of saponins, polyphenols, and polysaccharides in Chinese herbal medicines used to treat diabetes. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research. 5(11):2322-2331.

Feng F., X. Xi-Yu, L. Fu-Lei, L. Wen-Yuan dan X. Ning. 2014. Triterpenoid saponins from Patrinia scabra. Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines 12(1):0043-0046.

Kang, L., K. Wua, H. Yu, X. Pang, J. Liu, L. Han, J. Zhang, Y. Zhao, C. Xiong, X. Song, C. Liu, Y. Cong dan B. Ma. 2014. Steroidal saponins from Tribulus terrestris. Phytochemistry 107:182–189.

Kaur, G., N. V. Utami dan H. A. Usman. 2014.Effect of Topical Application of Binahong [Anredera cordifolia (Ten.) Steenis] Leaf Paste in Wound Healing Process in Mice Althea Medical Journal 1(1):6-11.

Kayce, P., N. B. Sarikahya dan S. Kirmizigul. 2014. Two novel saponins from Cephalaria davisiana (Dipsacaceae). Phytochemistry Letters 10:324-329.

Li, C., L. Yuan, T. Ji, J. Yang, A. Wang dan Y. Su. 2014. Furostanol saponins from the seeds of Allium cepaL.. Fitoterapia 99:56-63.

Miladiyah, I. dan B. R. Prabowo. 2012. Ethanolic extract of Anredera cordifolia (Ten.) Steenis leaves improved wound healing in guinea pigs. Universa Medicina 31(1):4-11.

Ng, T.B. 2006.Pharmacological activity of sanchi ginseng (Panax notoginseng). Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology 58:1007–1019.

Noté, O. P., D. Jihu, C. Antheaume dan D. Guillaume, D. E. Pegnyemb, M. C. Kilhoffer dan A. Lobstein. 2015. Triterpenoid saponins from Albizia boromoensis Aubrév. & Pellegr. Phytochemistry Letters 11:37-42.

Pérez, A. J., A. M. Simonet, J. M. Calle, Ł. Pecio, J. O. Guerra, A. Stochmal dan F. A. Macías. 2014. Phytotoxic steroidal saponins from Agave offoyana leaves. Phytochemistry 105:92–100.

Raju, J. dan R. Mehta. 2008. Cancer chemopreventive and therapeutic effects of diosgenin, a food saponin. Nutrition and Cancer 61(1):27–35.

Salasanti, C. D., E. Y. Sukandar dan I. Fidrianny. 2014. Acute and Sub Chronic Toxicity Study of Ethanol Extract of Anredera Cordifolia (Ten.) V. Steenis Leaves. Int. J. Pharm. Pharm. Sci. 6(5):348-352.

Sharma, P.P., N. Kumar, B. Singh, T.K. Bhat. 2012. An improved method for thin layer chromatographic analysis of saponins. Food Chemistry 132: 671–674.

Sukandar, E. Y., I. Fidrianny dan L. F. Adiwibowo. 2011. Efficacy of Ethanol Extract of Andrera cordifolia (Ten) Steenis Leaves on Improving Kidney Failure in Rats. International Journal of Pharmacology 7(8):850-855.

Sukandar, E. Y., J. I. Sigit dan L. F. Adiwibowo. 2013. Study of Kidney Repair Mechanisms of Corn Silk (Zea mays L. Hair)-Binahong (Andrera cordifolia (Ten.) Steenis) Leaves Combination in Rat Model of Kidney Failure. International Journal of Pharmacology 9(1):12-23.

Tabopda, T. K., A. Mitaine-Offer, C. Tanaka, T. Miyamoto, J. Mirjolet, O. Duchamp, B. T. Ngadjui dan M. Lacaille-Dubois. 2014. Steroidal saponins from Dioscorea preussii. Fitoterapia 97:198-203.

Wang, S., G. Mab, M. Zhong, S. Yu, X. Xu, Y. Hu, Y. Zhang, H. Wei dan J. Yang. 2013. Triterpene saponins from Tabellae Clinopodii. Fitoterapia 90:14-19.

Wang, Y., L. Zhang, C. Zhang, Y. Liu, D. Liang, H. Luo, Z. Hao, R. Chen dan D. Yu. 2015. Esters of new oleanane-type triterpenoid saponins from Schefflera kwangsiensis. Phytochemistry Letters 11:95-101.

Yang, C., Y. Huang, Y. Chen dan M. Chang. 2010. Foam Properties, Detergent Abilities and Long-term Preservative Efficacy of the Saponins from Sapindus mukorossi. Journal of Food and Drug Analysis 18(3):155-160.

Yuan,W., P. Wang, Z. Zhang, Z. Su dan S. Li. 2013. Triterpenoid saponins from Sesbania vesicaria. Phytochemistry Letters 6:106-109.

Yuliani, S.H., A. Fudholi, S. Pramono dan Marchaban. 2012. The Effect of Formula to Physical Properties of Wound Healing Gel of Ethanolic Extract of Binahong (Anredera cordifolia (Ten) Steenis). Int. J. Pharm. Sci. Res. 3(11):4254-4259.

Yuziani, U. Harahap dan Karsono. 2014. Evaluation of Analgesic Activities of Ethanolic Extract of Anredera Cordifolia (Ten) Steenis Leaf. Int. J. Pharm. Tech. Res. 6(5):1608-1610.

Zhou, B., X. Wei, R. Wang dan J. Jia. 2010. Quantification of the enzymatic browning and secondary metabolites in the callus culture system of Nigella glandulifera Freyn et Sint. Asian Journal of Traditional Medicines 5(3):109-116.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.18196/pt.2016.052.20-24

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 209 times
PDF - 58 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2016 PLANTA TROPIKA: Jurnal Agrosains (Journal of Agro Science)



 

 

 

 


 


 







 

Alamat Redaksi
Redaksi Planta Tropika: Jurnal Agrosains (Journal of Agro Science)
Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta
Jl. Ring Road Selatan, Tamantirto, Kasihan, Bantul
Telp (0274) 387646 psw 224.
Email: plantatropika@umy.ac.id
E-ISSN: 2528-7079
p-ISSN: 0216-499X

 

Creative Commons License
Planta Tropika: Jurnal Agrosains (Journal of Agro Science) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.