The Shelf Life Estimation of Cold Sterilized Coconut Water

Sari Intan Kailaku, Budi Setiawan, Ahmad Sulaeman


Coconut water is well known due to its nutrient contents. Unfortunately, the  properties such as flavor, aroma, and taste is easily altered, soon after it is extracted from the fruit by splitting the fruit in two and collecting the water in a clean container. The shelf-life of coconut water drink can be improved by eliminating the enzyme that causes the degredation of the quality, i.e. polyphenol oxidase and peroxidase enzyme. Heat treatment such as pasteurization and Ultra Heat Treatment may inhibit the growth of these enzymes although resulted in the loss of coconut water unique and desirable properties. Ultrafiltration membrane and ultraviolet are two potential cold-sterilization methods. The objective of this research was to estimate the shelf-life of coconut water after ultrafiltration membrane and ultraviolet sterilization. Cold-sterilized coconut water was stored at three temperatures, i.e. 8, 13 and 25 °C, using polyethylene bottles in individual sizes (250 ml). The shelf-life was estimated using Accelerated Storage Study method with Arrhenius equation. pH and total sugar contents were measured as critical parameters, and total plate count was also observed. This research concludee that the shelf-life of coconut water which cold sterilized without any food additives was etimated to be 15 days at 25 °C.


Coconut water; Shelf-life estimation; Storage; Ultrafiltration membrane; Ultraviolet

Full Text:



Ahrne LM, Manso MC, Shah E, Oliveira FAR and Oste RE. 1996. Shelf-life prediction of aseptically packaged orange juice. [Abstract]. Chemical Markers for Processed and Stored Foods, 631:107-17.

[APHA] American Public Health Association. 1998. Standard Methods For The Examination of Water and Waste Water. 20th edition. Di dalam Roji F. 2006. Pembuatan produk minuman isotonik (isotonic drink) dalam kemasan gelas plastik di PT. Fits Mandiri Bogor. Skripsi. Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian. IPB.

Duarte ACP, Coelho AAZ, and Leite SGF. 2002. Identification of peroxidase and tyrosinase in green coconut water. Ciencia y Tecnologı´a Alimentarı´a, 3(5), 266–270.

Falguera V, Pagan J, Garza S, Garvin A, and Ibarz A. 2011. Ultraviolet processing of liquid food: A review. Part 2: Effects on microorganisms and on food components and properties. Food Res Intl. 44(2011): 1580-1588.

[FAO] Food and Agriculture Organization. 2000. Press release: Coconut water as energy drink for joggers and athletes – First patent granted to UN Food Agency. [Diakses 5 Maret 2014].

Haynes K, Bundang R, Chu O, Eichinger C, Lineback DS, and Bolles AD. 2004. Method for production of coconut water beverage and blended juice beverages with coconut water. US Patent. US 2004/0018285 A1.

Hidayati N. 1992. Penentuan tiamin, riboflavin dan piridoksin dalam beras dengan HPLC secara serentak. Pusat Aplikasi Isotop dan Radiasi, Badan Tenaga Nuklir Nasional. Prosiding/ Pertanian_Peternakan /Hasil_Penelitian_1990-1992_PAIR/ Data_Artikel/ Nurhidayati-111.pdf [Diakses 21 November 2014]

Hough G, Garitta L and Gomez G. 2006. Sensory shelf life predictions by survival analysis accelerated storage models. [Abstract]. Food Quality and Preference, 17(6):468-473.

Kailaku SI, Dewandari KT dan Syah ANA. 2006. Perbaikan mutu minuman isotonik alami air kelapa dengan teknologi ultrafiltrasi. Prosiding Lokakarya Nasional: Strategi Peningkatan Nilai Tambah Hasil Pertanian melalui Penerapan Teknologi Pascapanen dan Sistem Keamanan Pangan. Balai Besar Litbang Pascapanen Pertanian, 12 September 2006.

Kailaku, SI., B Setiawan and A Sulaeman. 2016. Pengaruh Proses Membran Ultrafiltrasi dan Ultraviolet terhadap Komposisi Gizi, Sifat Fisikokimia dan Organoleptik Minuman Air Kelapa. Jurnal Littri Vol. 22 No. 2.

Koswara S dan Kusnandar F. 2004. Studi kasus pendugaan umur simpan produk pangan. Pelatihan Pendugaan Waktu Kadaluarsa Bahan dan Produk Pangan. Di dalam Sukasih E, Sunarmani dan Budiyanto A. 2007. Pendugaan umur simpan pasta tomat kental dalam kemasan botol plastik dengan metode akselerasi. J Pascapanen, 4(2):72-82.

Lee SY and Krochta JM. 2002. Accelerated shelf life testing of whey protein coated peanuts analyzed by static headspace Gas Chromatography. [Abstract]. J Agric Food Chem, 50:2022-2028.

Magalhaes MP, Gomes FS, Modesta RCD, Matta VM and Cabral LMC. 2005. Conservation of green coconut water by membrane filtration. Ciencia y Tecnologı´a Alimentarı´a, 25(1):72-77.

Maria GC and Peleg M. 2007. Shelf-life estimation from accelerated storage data. [Abstract]. Trend in Food Science and Technology, 18:37-47.

Nakano LA, Leal WF Jr, Freitasb DGC, Cabralb LMC, Penhab EM, Penteadob AL and Mattab VM. 2011. Coconut water processing using ultrafiltration and pasteurization. Proceeding of International Congress on Engineering and Food, 11, 2011, Athens. National Technical University of Athens.

Naozuka J. 2004. Estudo da influencia de processos de conservacao na distribuicao de species elementares em agua de coco por espectrometria de absorcao e emissao atomic. Master thesis. [Abstract]. Instituto de Quimicha, Brazil.

Prades A, Dornier M, Diop N, and Pain JP. 2012. Coconut water preservation and processing: a review. Fruits 2012, 67, 157–171.

Sukasih E, Sunarmani dan Budiyanto A. 2007. Pendugaan umur simpan pasta tomat kental dalam kemasan botol plastik dengan metode akselerasi. J Pascapanen, 4(2):72-82.

Sulaeman A, Anwar F, Rimbawan, dan Marliyati SA. 1995. Metode analisis zat gizi dan komponen kimia lainnya dalam makanan. Di dalam Riyana R. 2008. Mutu dan daya simpan air kelapa (Cocos nucifera L.) yang berpotensi sebagai minuman isotonik [skripsi]. Fakultas Pertanian. Institut Pertanian Bogor.


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 141 times
PDF - 54 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 PLANTA TROPIKA: Jurnal Agrosains (Journal of Agro Science)


Alamat Redaksi
Redaksi Planta Tropika: Jurnal Agrosains (Journal of Agro Science)
Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta
Jl. Ring Road Selatan, Tamantirto, Kasihan, Bantul
Telp (0274) 387646 psw 224.
E-ISSN: 2528-7079
p-ISSN: 0216-499X


Creative Commons License
Planta Tropika: Jurnal Agrosains (Journal of Agro Science) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.