Pengaruh Nitrogen dan Silika terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Perkembangan Spodoptera litura (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) pada Kedelai

Dina Wahyu Trisnawati, Nugroho Susetya Putra, Benito Heru Purwanto


A study was conducted to establish the indirect effects of nitrogen (N) and silicon (Si) on the growth and development of Spodoptera litura on soybean. A full-factorial experiment was arranged in 4x2 factors: first factor was nitrogen with varied doses of 0, 25, 50, and 100 kg/ha; second factor was silicon at 0 and 200 g/m2. The results demonstrated that the application of N and Si indirectly affected the growth and development of S. litura including leaves consumed, weight of larvae, weight of pupal, fecundity and survivorship. In addition, combination of nitrogen and silicon also affected the growth and development of soybean as evidenced by the decreased absorption of Si by soybean following the application of N, while the application of Si combined with high nitrogen doses decreased the absorption of Si. It was also observed that the effect of N was not significant on the growth and development of S. litura.  The application of Si with the high N doses, however, decreased the growth and development of S. litura. It is, therefore, concluded that the mechanism of relationship between N and Si on S. litura could not be explained only by quantifying the absorption value of N and Si.


Nitrogen; Silicon; Soybean; Spodoptera litura

Full Text:



Al-Aghabary, K. & Z. J. Zhu. 2002. Effect of silicon on photosynthetic rate, chlorophyll fluorescence and chlorophyll content of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) plant under salt stress. Proceeding of Silicon in Agriculture 62: 174 (Abstr).

Amir, A.M., M. Machfud., & Soebandrijo. 1997. Pengaruh dosis pupuk nitrogen terhadap perkernbangan ulat grayak (Spodoptera litura F.) pada kapas. Prosiding Kongres Perhimpunan Entomologi Indonesia V dan Symposium Entomologi 5:358-:'60.

Awmack, C. S. & S. R. Leather. 2002. Host plant quality and facundity in herbivorous insects. Annual Review of Entomology. 47:817-844.

Dudt, J.F. & D.J. Shure. 1994. The influence of light and nutrient on foliar phenolics and insect herbivory. Ecology 75: 86-98.

Gardner, F. P. , R. B. Pearce, & R. L. Mitchel. 1991. Physiology of Crop Plant (Fisiologi Tanaman Budidaya, alih bahasa :Susilo, H.). UI Press. Jakarta.

Giertych, M.J., M. Bakowski, P. karolewski, R. Zatkowiak, & J. Gizebyta. 2005. Influence of Mineral Fertilization on Food Quality of Oak Leaves and Utility Efficiency of Food Components by the Gypsy Moth. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 117:59-69

Hagen, K.S., R.H. Dadd & J. Reese. 1984. The Food Insect. In: C.B. Huffaker and R.L. Rabb (Eds.) Ecological Entomology. John Willey and Sons. New York

Harbone, J.B. 2002. Entomilogical Biochemistry. 4th ed. Academic Press, New York.

Husby,G. P.1998. Chronic arthritis and gamma heav chain disease: coincidence or pathogenic link?. Scand J Rheumatol 27:254-256.

Hawks, S. N. & W. K. Collins 1983. Principle ofTobaco Production. C. tate University.

Hodar J., Zamora R & Castro J. 2002. Host utilization b moth and larval survival of pine processionary caterpillar Thaumetopoea pi camp in r lation to food quality in three Pinus species. Ecological Entomolo 27:923-301.

Hemming, J.D.C. & R.L. Lindroth. 1999. Effects oflight and nutrient availability on aspen: growth, phytochemistry, and insect performance. Journal of Chemical Ecology 25: 1687-1714.

Kainulainen, P., J. Holopainen, V. Palomaki, & T. Holopainen. 1996. Effects of nitrogen fertilization on secondary chemistry and ectomycorrhizal state of scots pine seedlings and on growth of grey pine aphid. Journal of Chemical Ecology 22:617-636.

Kalshoven, L. G. E. 1981. The Pest of Crops in Indonesia. CV.Revised and Translated by Van Der Laan. PT. Ichtiar Baru-Van Hoeve. Jakarta.

Kartosodiharjo, M.R. 1983. Assisment of cutworm (Spodoptera litura. Fab) damage on the yield of Soybean (Glycine max L. Merr). Master Thesis. UPLB.

Kim, H.,Kim, M. S., Paik, H., Chung, Y. S., Hong, I. S., Suh, J. 2002. Effective artificial proteases synthesized by covering silica gel with aldehyde and various other organic groups. Bioorg Med Chem Lett 12: 47-50.

Marschner, H. 1986. Evidence for a specific uptake system for iron phytosiderophores in roots of grasses. Plant Physiol 80 l ): 178-180.

Marschner, H. 1995. Mineral Nutrition of Higher Plant. Academic press London.

Mattson, W.J. 1980. Herbivory in relation to plant nitrogen content. Annual Review Of Ecological System 11: 119-161.

Moon, D.C., & P. Stiling. 2000. Relati e importanc o abiotically induced direct and indirect effects of a salt-marsh herbi ore. Ecolo 81: 470-481.

Moon, D.C., A.M. Rossi, & P. Stiling. 2000. The effe ts o abiotically induced changes in host plant quality (and morpholog on a salt marsh planthopper and its parasitoid. Ecological Entomology Ts: 32- - "I.

Nijima, K. 1991. Rearing Method of Insect. Asosiasi Perlindungan Tanaman Jepang (Dalam Bahasa Jepang).

Novizan. 2004. Petunjuk Pemupukan yang Efektif. Agro Media Pustaka. Jakarta.

Patton, R. L. 1963. Introductory Insect Physiology. W.B. Sounder Co, London.

Putra, N.S. 2006. Relative impacts of bottom-up and top-down forces on ph ophagous insects in soybean field: patterns and mechanisms. Dissertasi. The nited Graduate School of Agriculture Sciences, Iwate Universit tidak dipublikasikan).

Saleh. 1997. Pengelolaan serangga secara berkelanjutan. Prosiding Kongres Perhimpunan Entomologi Indonesia V dan Simposium Entomologi 5: 24.

Savant, N.K., Snyder. G.H., & Datnoff, L.E. 1997. Silicon management and sustainable rice production. Adv. Agron. 58: 151-199 .

Soebandrijo, S. Sudarmo dan 0. S. Bindra. 1987. Pengaruh Pernberian Pupuk Nitrogen dan Kepadatan Tanaman Terhadap Populasi Hama Kapas. Seminar On Integreted Cotton Pest Control. Proect For Development of Integreted Cotton -Pest Control Programe In Indonesia. Held at Balai Peneletian Tembakau dan Tanaman Serta Malang dan Food And Agriculture Organization of The United Nation. 9p.

Snedecor, G. W. dan W.G. Cochran.1980. Statistical Methods 7th Edition. Iowa State University Press, Ames, Iowa, U.S.A.

Sunjaya. 1970. Dasar-Dasar Ekologi Serangga. Bagian llmu Hama Tanaman Pertanian. Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Yarnes, C.T., dan W.J. Boecklen. 2005. Abiotic factors promote plant heterogeneity and influence herbivore performance and mortality in Gambel' s oak (Quercus gambeliiy. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 114: 87-95.

Yoshida, S.1975. Minor Element for Rice. Food and Fert. Tech. ASPAC. Taipei City. Taiwan. Rep. Of China.

Zeyen, R. J. Silicon in Plant Cell Defenses Against Cereal Powdery Mildew Disease. Proceeding of Silicon in Agriculture 11: 15-21.


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 61 times
PDF - 70 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 PLANTA TROPIKA: Jurnal Agrosains (Journal of Agro Science)


Alamat Redaksi
Redaksi Planta Tropika: Jurnal Agrosains (Journal of Agro Science)
Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta
Jl. Ring Road Selatan, Tamantirto, Kasihan, Bantul
Telp (0274) 387646 psw 224.
E-ISSN: 2528-7079
p-ISSN: 0216-499X


Creative Commons License
Planta Tropika: Jurnal Agrosains (Journal of Agro Science) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.