Pengaruh Penggunaan Mulsa Alang-Alang, Kenikir dan Kirinyu terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Bawang Merah Di Tanah Mediteran pada Musim Penghujan

Mulyono Mulyono

Abstract


The study was held inSimo village, Boyolali, Central Java.The study used field experiments with a single factor that arranged in randomized completely block design.The treatments were control (P0), Alang-alang as mulch (P1), Kirinyu as mulch (P2), and Kenikir as mulch (P3), each treatment was repeated three times.The parameters were plant height, number of leaf, fresh weight of plant, dry weight of plant, number of tuberper hill, weight of tuber per hill, yield, fresh weight and dry weight of weeds. The results showed that mulch grass, kirinyu and kenikir was not significantly affect plant height, leaf number, number of tubers per hill and yield per hectare.Mulching grass, and kenikir kirinyu affected on plant fresh weight, dry weight and plant weight of tubers per hill.Mulching kenikir improved the plant fresh weight, dry weight of plants and weight of tubers per hill.Morover, Alang-alang, Kirinyu, and Kenikir as organic mulch significanly decreased the growth and abundant of weed and improved the growth of shallot plant. Alang-alang was the most highest decreasing the growth of weed.


Keywords


Organic mulch; Shallot; The rainy season; Soil mediterranean

Full Text:

PDF

References


Andry Harits Umboh. 2002. Petunjuk Penggunaan Mulsa. Jakarta: Penebar Swadaya. 89 hal.

BPS (Badan Pusat Statistik). 2014. Produktivitas, Luas Panen dan Produksi Bawang Merah di Indonesia. www.bps.go.id. Diakses pada 17 April 2014

Jajang S.H. 2009. Pengaruh Jenis Mulsa Terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Tiga Kultivar Kentang (Solanum tuberosum L.) yang Ditanam di Dateran Medium. Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia 37(1):14-20

Heyne, K. 1987. Tumbuhan Berguna Indonesia (Jilid 1). Yayasan Sarana Wana Jaya. Jakarta

Rice EL. 1984. Allelopathy. Second Edition. Orlando FL: Academic Press. USA

Soepraptohardjo. 1976. Jenis Tanah di Indonesia. Lembaga Penelitian Tanah. Bogor.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.18196/pt.2015.042.73-77

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 58 times
PDF - 90 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 PLANTA TROPIKA: Jurnal Agrosains (Journal of Agro Science)







 

Alamat Redaksi
Redaksi Planta Tropika: Jurnal Agrosains (Journal of Agro Science)
Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta
Jl. Ring Road Selatan, Tamantirto, Kasihan, Bantul
Telp (0274) 387646 psw 224.
Email: plantatropika@umy.ac.id
E-ISSN: 2528-7079
p-ISSN: 0216-499X

 

Creative Commons License
Planta Tropika: Jurnal Agrosains (Journal of Agro Science) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.