Food Diversification of Cassava as Functional Food Instead of Rice in Lampung

Ratna Wylis Arief, Erliana Novitasari, Robet Asnawi

Abstract


Cassava has been known to have low glycaemic index (GI) recommended for diabetics. Cassava can be used as alternative food source for substitution of rice as Indonesian staple food. The current study aimed to investigate phisycal and chemical properties of food diversification of cassava. Levels of dietary fibre were measured by enzymatic-gravimetric AOAC, while total sugar content was measured by Lane-Eynon titration. Determination of starch was observed by using spectrophotometer and energy analysis by bomb calorimetry. Level of glycaemic index (GI) was  determined by EL, S.N. method. The sensory analysis was performed by preference test by using hedonic scale towards 20 panelists. Analysis of cost and benefit was used to investigate the economic feasibility of the products. Among several products of cassava, analog rice has the highest value of dietary fibre (4.72%), starch (75.64%) and energy level (349.38 cal/kg).  In addition, it has the lowest value of total sugar content (1,19%) and GI (56).  It is also the most preferable in terms of colour (4.35), aroma (3.90), taste (4.35) and general acceptance (4.05). Economically, analog rice provides the highest profit than instant tiwul and oyek, which are 1.66; 1.56 and 1.47 respectively.


Keywords


Cassava; Food diversification; Functional food

References


AOAC. (1990). Food composition, additives and natural contaminants. In: Official Methods of Analysis. Helrich, K. (ed). Association of Official Analytical Chemists International 2, 15th Edition, Arlington, VA, USA.

Auliana, R. (1999). Gizi dan Pengolahan Pangan. Adicita Karya Nusantara. Yogyakarta.

Bender, D. A. (2003). Introduction to Nutrition and Metabolism: Third Edition. Taylor and Francis. London.

Budijanto, S. and Yuliana, N. D. (2015). Development of rice analog as a food diversification vehicle in Indonesia. Journal of Developments in Sustainable Agriculture 10: 7-14.

Doyle, T. K., Houghton, J. D. R., McDevitt, R., Davenport, J. and Hays, G. C. (2007). The energy density of jellyfish: estimates from bomb-calorimetry and proximate-composition. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 343. 239-252.

El, S. N. (1999). Determination of glycaemic index for some breads. Journal of Food Chemistry 67: 67-69.

Foster-Powel, K., Holt S.H.A. and Miler J.C.B. (2002). International table of glycemic index and glycemic load. Am. J. Clin Nutr 76: 5-56.

Haliza, W., Endang, Y. P., dan Yuliani, S. (2006). Evaluasi kadar pati tahan cerna dan nilai indeks glikemik mie singkong. Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan 4 (5): 15-19.

IDF. (2013). IDF Diabetes Atlas (6th ed.). Brussels: International Diabetes Federation.

Indrasari, S.D., Purwani, E.Y., Wibowo, P., dan Jumali. (2008). Nilai indeks glikemik beras beberapa varietas padi. Jurnal Penelitian Pertanian Tanaman Pangan 27(3): 127-134

Irawan, B. dan Sutrisna, N. (2011). Prospect of sorghum development in West Java to support food diversification. Forum Penelitian Agro Ekonomi 29 (2): 99-113.

Jarvis, C. E and Walker, J. R. L. (1993). Simultaneous, rapid, spectrophotometric determination of total starch, amylose and amylopectin. Journal of Science Food and Agriculture 63: 53-57.

Marsono, Y. (2002). Indeks glikemik umbi-umbian. Buletin Agritech. 22: 13-16.

Mulyadi, A. F., Kumalaningsih, S. dan Indriati, S. K. (2015). Production of high amylopectin artificial rice based on cassava flour, glutinous rice and addition of cowpea flour. International Journal of Applied Engineering Research 10 (19): 40159-40164.

Prosky, L., Asp, N.G., Schweizer, T. F., De Vries, J. W. and Furda, I. Determination of insoluble, soluble and total dietary fibre in food products: Interlaboratory study. (1988). Journal of Association of Official Analytical Chemists 71: 1017-1023.

Ragnhild, A.L., Asp, N. L., Axelsen, M. and Raben, A. (2004). Glycemic index relevance for health, dietary recommendations, and nutritional labeling. Scandinavian Journal Nutrition 48 (2): 84-94.

Rimbawan dan Siagian, A. (2004). Indeks glikemik pangan, cara mudah memilih pangan yang menyehatkan. Penebar Swadaya. Jakarta. 124 hal.

Schmidt, D. B. (2000). Consumer response to functional food in the 21st century. AgBioForum 3(1): 14-19.

Tala, Z.Z. (2009). Manfaat Serat Bagi Kesehatan. USU Press. Medan. 2 hal.

Trinidad, T.P., Mallillin, A. C, Sagum, R. S. and Encabo, R. R. (2010). Glycemic index of commonly consumed carbohydrate foods in the Philippines. Journal of Functional Foods 2: 271-274.

Villavicencio, A. L. C. H., Arau’jo, M. M., Fanaro, G. B., Rela, P. R. and Mancini-Filho, J. (2007). Sensorial analysis evaluation in cereal bars preserved by ionizing radiation processing. Radiation Physics and Chemistry 76: 1875-1877.

Wiardani, N. K., Sariasih, N. N., dan Swandari, Y. (2012 0. Indeks Glikemik Menu Makanan Rumah Sakit dan Pengendalian Glukosa Darah pada Pasien Diabetes Melitus Rawat Inap di RSUP Sanglah Denpasar. Jurnal Skala Husada 9: 44 – 50.

Widowati, S., Santoso, B. A. S dan Budiyanto, A. (2007). Karakterisasi mutu dan indeks glikemik beras beramilosa rendah dan tinggi. Apresiasi Hasil Penelitian Padi 2007: 759-773.

Widyanti, A., Sunaryo, I. and Kumalasari, A. D. (2014). Reducing the dependency on rice as staple food in Indonesia – a behaviour intervention approach. Journal ISSAAS 20 (1): 93-103.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.18196/pt.2018.081.62-69

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 181 times
Planta Tropika Vol 6 No.2(1) - 266 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.





 

Alamat Redaksi
Redaksi Planta Tropika: Jurnal Agrosains (Journal of Agro Science)
Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta
Jl. Ring Road Selatan, Tamantirto, Kasihan, Bantul
Telp (0274) 387646 psw 224.
Email: plantatropika@umy.ac.id
E-ISSN: 2528-7079
p-ISSN: 0216-499X

 

Creative Commons License
Planta Tropika: Jurnal Agrosains (Journal of Agro Science) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.