Effects of Planting Pattern on The Performance of Soybean Genotypes

Herdina Pratiwi, Titik Sundari


Plant population is one of key factors in crops yield. The determination of optimum population per area unit needs to be accommodated through the planting space arrangement. This study aimed to know the performance of some soybean genotypes planted with both single and double row planting pattern. The research was conducted in Kendalpayak Experimental Field, Malang from February to May 2017 arranged in split plot experimental design with three replications. The main plot was planting space consisting of single row (40 cm x 15 cm) and double row (60 cm x 20 cm x 15 cm), while the sub-plot was the soybean genotypes consisting of 12 promising lines (Grob/IT-7-7, Grob/Pander-397-6, Grob/IT-17-1, IBK/Argop-276-3, Grob/Pander-395-2, Grob/Pander-428-1, Grob/IT-7-5, Grob/IT-7-2, Grob/IAC-453-7, IBK/ Grob-296-10, Grob/IT-7-3, and Grob/IT-7-1) and 3 cultivars as comparison (Dena 1, Dena 2, and Grobogan). Each experimental unit was set in an area of 10.8 m2. Observation was performed on variables of plant height, number of fertile nodes, number of pods with three seeds, number of pods with two seeds, number of sterile pods, seeds dry weight, pod shells dry weight, weight of 100 seeds, and yields. The results of the research showed that each genotype performed different response to planting space depending on the characteristic of it. Yield obtained from double row planting space was 4.76% higher than that from single row planting space. There were 8 genotypes (Grob/IT-7-7, Grob/Pander-397-6, Dena 1, Grob/IT-7-5, Grob/IT-7-2, Grob/IAC-453-7, Grob/IT-7-3, and Grob/IT-7-1) which were able to produce seeds > 2.0 ton/ha, either planted in single row or double row planting space.


Double row; Single row; Yield component

Full Text:



Abady, S., F. Merkeb, and Z. Dilnesaw. 2013. Heritability and path-coefficient analysis in soybean (Glycine max L Merrill) genotypes at Pawe, Northwestern Ethiopia. J. Environ. Sci. Water Resour. 2: 270-276.

Aditya, J., P. Bhartiya, and A. Bhartiya. 2011. Genetic variability, heritability and character association for yield and component characters in soybean (G. max (L.) Merrill). J. Central Eur.Agric. 12: 27-34. DOI: 10.5513/JCEA01/12.1.877

Akond, A. G., M. Bobby, R. Bazzelle, W. Clark, S. K. Kantartzi, K. Meksem, and A. Kassem. 2013. Effect of two row spaces on several agronomic traits in soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.]. Atlas J. of Plant Biology. 1(2):18-23. DOI: 10.5147/ajpb.2013.0073

Badan Pusat Statistik BPS. 2016. Statistik Indonesia. 680p.

Bell, A. 2005. Higher yields with twin-row soybeans. Available at http://delta-farmpress.com/higher-yields-twin-row-soybeans (verified 25 Feb. 2011). Delta Farm Press, Penton Media, New York.

Brant, V., K. Neckář, J. Pivec, M. Duchoslav, J. Holec, P. Fuksa, and V. Venclová. 2009. Competition of some summer catch crops and volunteer cereals in the areas with limited precipitation. Plant, Soil and Environment. 55: 17–24.

Bruns, H. A. 2011a. Planting date, rate, and twin-row vs. single-row soybean in the Mid-South. Agronomy J., 103(5): 1308-1313.

Bruns, H. A. (2011b). Comparisons of single-row and twin-row soybean production in the Mid-South. Agron J. 103(3): 702–708.

De Bruin, J. L. and P. Pedersen. 2009. New and old soybean cultivar responses to plant density and intercepted light. Crop Science. 49(6): 2225-2232.

Chauhan, B. S. and J. L. Opena. 2013. Effect of plant spacing on growth and grain yield of soybean. American Journal of Plant Sciences. 4: 2011-2014.

Cox, W. J. and J. H. Cherney. 2011. Growth and yield responses of soybean to row spacing and seeding rate. Agronomy J. 03(1): 123-128.

Egli, D. B. 1988. Plant density and soybean yield. Crop Science, 28: 977-980.

Grichar, W. J. 2007. Row spacing, plant populations and cultivar effects on soybean production along Texas Gulf Coast. Crop Manag. doi: 10.1094/CM-2007-0615-01-RS

Gulluoglu, L., H. Bakal, and H. Arioglu. 2016. The effects of twin-row planting pattern and plant population on seed yield and yield components of soybean at late double-cropped planting in Cukurova region. Turkish Journal Field Crop, 21(1): 59-65.

Kurt, C., H. Bakal, L. Gulluogulu, and H. Arioglu. 2017. The effect of twin-row planting pattern and plant population on yield and yield components of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) at main crop planting in Cukurova region of Turkey. Turkish Journal of field Crops. 22 (1): 24-31. DOI: 10.17557/tjfc.301768

Lee, C. D., D. B. Egli, and D. M. TeKrony. 2008. Soybean response to plant population at early and late planting dates in the Mid-South. Agronomy Journal. 100(4): 971-976. doi:10.2134/agronj2007.0210

Lyimo, L. D., M. R.Tamba, and R. R. Madege. 2017. Effects of genotype on yield and yield component of soybean (Glycine max (L) Merrill). African Journal of Agricultural, 12(22): 1930-1939. DOI: 10.5897/AJAR2017.12177

Mascagni, H.J., E. Clawson, D. Lanclos, D. Boquet, and R. Ferguson. 2008. Comparing single-row, twin-row configurations for Louisiana crop production. Lousiana Agriculture, 51 (3): 16-17.

Mauad, M., T. L. B. Silva, A. I. Almeida Neto, and V. G. Abreu. 2010. Influência da densidade de semeadura sobre características agronômicas na cultura da soja. Agrarian. 3: 175-181.

Ngalamu, T., M. Ashraf, and S. Meseka. 2013. Soybean (Glycine max L) genotype and environment interaction effect on yield and other related traits. American J. Exp. Agric., 3(4): 977-987.

Ohyama, T., R. Minagawa, S. Ishikawa, M. Yamamoto, N. Van Phi Hung, N. Ohtake, K. Sueyoshi, T. Sato, Y. Nagumo, and Y. Takahasi. 2013. Soybean Seed Production and Nitrogen Nutrition. In J. E. Board (Ed.). Agricultural and Biological Sciences “A Comprehensive Survey of International Soybean Research-Genetics, Physiology, Agronomy and Nitrogen relationships”, pp. 115-157. Intech, Japan.

Rahman, M.M., M.M. Hossain, M.P. Anwar, and A. S. Juraimi. 2011. Plant density influence on yield and nutritional quality of soybean seed. Asian Journal of Plant Sciences. 10(2): 125-132. doi: 10.3923/ajps.2011.125.132

Rahman, M. M. and M. M. Hossain. 2011. Plant density effects on growth, yield and yield components of two soybean varieties under equidistant planting arrangement. Asian Journal of Plant Sciences 10(5): 278-286. DOI: 10.3923/ajps.2011.278.286

Shamsi, K. and S. Kobraee. 2011. Soybean agronomic responses to plant density. Annals of Biological Research. 4: 168-173.

Wells, R. J., J. W. Burton, and T.C. Kilen. 1993. Soybean growth and light interception: response to differing leaf and stem morphology. Crop Science. 33: 520-524. DOI:10.2135/cropsci1993.0011183X003300030020x

Worku, M. and T. Astatkie. 2011. Row and plant spacing effects on yield and yield components of soya bean varieties under hot humid tropical environment of Ethiopia. J. Agronomy and Crop Science 19, 67-74.

Yasari, E., Saedeh, Mozafari, E. Shafiee, and A. Foroutan. 2009. Evaluation of sink-source relationship of soybean cultivars at different dates of sowing. Research Journal of Agriculture and Biological Sciences, 5(5): 786-793.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.18196/pt.2018.079.39-48

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 124 times
PDF - 32 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2018 Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.


Alamat Redaksi
Redaksi Planta Tropika: Jurnal Agrosains (Journal of Agro Science)
Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta
Jl. Ring Road Selatan, Tamantirto, Kasihan, Bantul
Telp (0274) 387646 psw 224.
Email: plantatropika@umy.ac.id
E-ISSN: 2528-7079
p-ISSN: 0216-499X


Creative Commons License
Planta Tropika: Jurnal Agrosains (Journal of Agro Science) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.