Physico-Chemical Properties of Volcanic Soils under Different Perennial Plants from Upland Area of Mt. Merapi, Indonesia

Retno Kartikawati, Eko Hanudin, Benito Heru Purwanto

Abstract


Vegetation recovery is essential in land restoration after the eruption of Mount Merapi in 2010. Vegetation is a source of organic material that produces root exudate containing organic acids. These acids accelerate the dissolution process of volcanic material so that it affects the soil characteristics. This study was conducted to analyze the effect of four types of perennial plants on soil chemical and physical characteristics. The soil samples were taken on the area planted with cinnamon, albizia, bamboo, and acacia, at depths of 0 – 10 cm, 10 – 20 cm, 20 – 30 cm, 30 – 40 cm, and 40 – 50cm. The soil chemical analysis carried out included pH H2O, pH KCl, pH NaF, C-organic, Humic acid and Fulvic acid, cation exchange capacity, Ca, Mg, K, Na, available P, base saturation, and particle size distribution. The results show that pH H2O, pH KCl, C-organic, humic acid and fulvic acid, CEC, K, Na, Ca, Mg, available P, base saturation, and particle size distribution were significantly affected by vegetation type. Meanwhile, the pH of NaF was not significantly influenced by vegetation type. Cinnamon is a plant that gives the strongest influence in the improvement of soil chemical-physical properties compared to the other three types of vegetation. Therefore cinnamon is quite prospective plant to be developed for post-eruption land reclamation.


Keywords


Soil physico-chemical properties; Volcanic soil; Perennial plants; Mt. Merapi

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adugna, A. & A. Abegaz. 2015. Effects of soil depth on the dynamcs of selected soil propeerties among the highlans resources of Northeast Wollega, Ethiopia: are these sign of degradation?. Solid Earth Discuss (7): 2011-2035.

Anda, M. & M. Sarwani. 2012. Mineralogical, chemical composition and dissolution of fresh ash eruption: new potential source of nutrient. Soil Sci Soc.Am. J.76:733-747.

Aweto, A.O. 1981. Secondary succession and soil fertiity restoration in south western Nigeria. Journal of ecology 69: 601-607.

Bear, F. E., A.L. Prince & J.L. Malcom. 1945. The potassium needs of New Jersey soils. New Jersey Agric. Exp. Stn. Bull. 721.

Buckman, H.O. & N.C. Brady. 1982. The Nature and Properties of Soils. The Macmillan company. New York.

Bray, J.R& E. Gorham. 1964. Litter productionin forest of thr world. Advance in ecologycal 101-157.

Courchesne, F. & Gobran GR.1997. Mineralogy of bulk and rhizosfer soil in a Norway Spruce stand. Soil Sci.Soc.Am.J.61:1245-1249.

Ersahin, S., H. Gunal, T. Kutlu, B. Yetgin, & S. Coban. 2006. Estimating spesific surface area and cation exchange capacity in soils using fractal dimention of particle size distribution. Geoderma 136: 588-597.

Eviati & Sulaeman. 2012. Technical Guide Issue II Chemical Analysis of Soil, Plants, Water, and Fertilizer. Agency for Agricultural Research and Development, Ministry of Agriculture Republic Indonesia.

Fiantis, D., M. Nelson, Van Ranst, E., J. Shamshuddin, & N.P. Qa¬foku, 2009. Chemical Weathering of New Piroclastic Deposit from Mt. Merapi (Java), Indonesia. J.Mt.Sci. (2009) 6: 240-254.

Hinsinger P., B. Jaillard & JE Duffey. 1992. Rapid weathering of trioctahedral mica by the roots of ryegrass. Soil.Sci.Soc.Am.J.56:977-982.

Helling, C., G. Chesters, & R.B. Corey. 1964. Contribution of organic matter and clay to soil cation exchange capacity as affected by the pH of saturating solution. Soil Science Society of America Journal 28: 4.

ISRIC FAO. 2002. Procedures for soil analysis. ISRIC Technical Paper.

Jones, D. L., A. Hodge & Y. Kuzyakov. 2004. Plant and mycorrhizal regulation of rhizodepostion. New phytologist 163:459-480.

Kononova, M.M. 1996. Soil organic matter. Its nature its role in soil formation and soil fertility. Translated by T.Z. Novakowski and A.C.D. Newman. Pergamon Press, Oxford. Pp 544.

Leticia, S.S., E.K. David & S. Uttam. 2014. Cation Exchange Capacity and Base Saturation. The University of Georgia. UGA Extension Circular 1040.

Lowman, M.D. 1988. Litterfall and leaf decay in three Australian rainforest formation. Journal of Ecology 76:451-465.

Olmstead, L.B., L.T. Alexander & H.E. Middleton. 1930. A pipette methode of mechanical analysis of soil based on improved dispersion prosedure. Techical bulletin No 170 United States Departemen of Agriculture.

Parmelee, R.W. 1995. Soil fauna: linking different levels of the ecolgycal hierarchy. In Jones & Lawton J.H. Linking species and ecosystem: 107-116.

Richard, B.N. 1987. The microbiology of terrestrial ecosystem. John Wiley and Sons. New York. Pp 222-254.

Ross, D. & Q. Katterings. 2011. Recommended Methods for Determining Soil Cation Exchange Capacity. In: Recommended Soil Testing Procedures For The Northeastren United States, Sims, T.and A. Wolf (Eds). 3rd Edn., Northeastern Regional Publication, USA., pp: 75-86.

Mench, M. & E. Martin. 1991. Mobilization of cadmium and other metals from two soils by root exudates by Zea mays L., Nicotina tabacum L, and Nicotica rustica L. Plant Soil 132: 187-196.

Newhall, C.G., S. Bronto, B. Alloway, N.G. Banks, I. Bahar, M.A. del Marmol, R.D. Hadisantono, R.T. Holcomb, J. McGeehin, J.N. Miksic, M. Rubin, S.D. Sayudi, R. Sukhyar, S. Andreastuti, S. Tilling, R. Torley, R. Trimble, & D. Wirakusumah. 2000. 10,000 years of explosive eruptions of Merapi volcano, Central Java: archaeological and modern implications. J. Volcanol. Geoth. Res. 100 (1-4):9–50.

Petersen, W. & Bottger M. 1991. Contribution of organic acids to acidification of the rhizosphere of maize seedlings. Plant Soil 132: 159-163.

Soil Survey Staff. 2014b. Kellogg Soil Survey Laboratory Methods Manual. Soil Survey Investigations Report. No. 42 (Version 5.0). R. Burt and Soil Survey Staff (ed.). U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service. P. 1031.

Surono, P. Jousset, J. Pallister, M. Boichu, M. F. Buongiorno, A. Budisantoso, F. Costa, S. Andreastuti, F. Prata, D. Schneider, L. Clarisse, H. Humaida, S. Sumarti, C. Bignami, J. Griswold, S. Carn, C. Oppenheimer, & F. Lavigne. 2012. The 2010 explosive eruption of Java’s Merapi Volcano- A ‘100-year’ event. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. 241-242:121-135.

Turner, J. & J.N. Long. 1975. Accumulations of organic matter in a series of Douglas-fir stands. Can. J. For. Res. 5(4): 681-690.

Ulusoy, Y., Y. Tekin, Z. Tumsavas, &A.M. Mouazen. 2016. Prediction of soil cation exchange capacity using visible and near infrared spectroscopy. Biosystem engineering 2016:1-15.

Vitousek, P.M. 1984. Litterfall, nutrient cycling and nutrient limitation in tropical forest. Ecology 65: 285-298.

Voight, B., K.D. Young, D.Hidayat, M.A. Subandrio, A. Purbawinata, Ratdomopurbo, S. Panut, D.S. Sayudi, R. LaHusen, J. Maso, T.L. Murray, M. Dejean, M. Iguchi, & K. Ishihara. 2000. Deformation and seismic precusors to dome-collapse and mountain collapse nuees ardentes at Merapi Volcano, Java, Indonesia, 1994-1998. Journal of Volcano. And Geothermal Research. 100: 261-287.

Wang, Z.Y. A. Gottlein & G. Bartonek. 2001.Effects of growing roots of Norway spruce and European beech on rhizosphere soil solution chemistry. Journal of plant nutrition and soil science 164: 35-41.

Wang, Z., Y. Hu, R. Wang, S. Guo, L. Du, M. Zhao, & Z. Yao. 2017. Soil organic carbon on the fragmented Chinese Loess Plateau: combining effects of vegetation types and topographic positions. Soil & Tillage Research 174: 1-5.

Wardoyo, S.S. & A.Z.P.B. Santosa. 2016. Environmental adaptability of Canavalia virosa and Flemingia congesta to sandy ash soil of Merapi Volcano, Java. Journal of Degraded and Mining Land Management vol 3 (4): 665-668.

Yuliani, N., E. Hanudin, & B.H. Purwanto. 2017. Chemical characteristics and morphology of amorphous materials derived from different parent materials from Central Java, Indonesia. Int. J. Soil Sci.


Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

 

 

 

 


 


 







 

Alamat Redaksi
Redaksi Planta Tropika: Jurnal Agrosains (Journal of Agro Science)
Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta
Jl. Ring Road Selatan, Tamantirto, Kasihan, Bantul
Telp (0274) 387646 psw 224.
Email: plantatropika@umy.ac.id
E-ISSN: 2528-7079
p-ISSN: 0216-499X

 

Creative Commons License
Planta Tropika: Jurnal Agro Sains (Journal of Agroscience) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.