Effects of Chromolaena Odorata Compost on Soil and Nutrient Uptake of Lettuce (Lactuca sativa)

Alima Maolidea Suri, Prapto Yudono

Abstract


The use of synthetic inorganic fertilizers containing chemical compounds cause soil quality to decrease. Chromolaena odorata are potential weeds used as a source of organic matter, which can be used as compost. This research aimed to determine the effect of Chromolaena odorata compost on the soil and nutrient uptake of lettuce. The research was conducted using a single factor experimental method arranged in a Randomized Complete Block Design. The treatments tested were the applications of C. odorata weed compost at various doses (222 grams/pot, 444 grams/pot, and 666 grams/pot) with control treatments of 200 ml/pot NPK Phonska (15:15:15), 320 grams/pot cow manure, and without fertilization. The experiment consisted of three blocks with three samples and three units of sample plants within each treatment. The results showed that the application of C. odorata weed compost significantly improved nutrition and nutrient uptake of lettuce. The dose of 444 grams/pot C. odorata weed compost was the best dose to increase soil quality and nutrient uptake of lettuce.

Keywords


C. odorata; Inorganic fertilizer; Lettuce

Full Text:

PDF

References


Akhlaq. (2018). Pengaruh Imbangan Nitrogen Pupuk Urea Dan Pupuk Organik Cair Limbah Pengolahan Susu Kambing Terhadap Pertumbuhan Dan Hasil Selada (Lactuca sativa L). Skripsi Sekolah Sarjana. Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta.

Badan Pusat Statistik. (2014). Produksi Sayuran Di Indonesia 2007-2009.

Chen, M., Huanga, Y., Liua. H., Xiea, S., and Abbas, F. (2019). Impact Of Different Nitrogen Source On The Compost Quality And Greenhouse Gas Emissions During Composting Of Garden Waste. Process Safety and Environmental Protection. Pages 326–335.

Gusain, Pandey, S., and Suthar. (2018). Composting as a sustainable option for managing biomass of aquatic weed Pistia: A biological hazard to aquatic system. Journal of Cleaner Production. Volume 177. Pages 803 - 812.

Hartermink, A.E. (2003). Soil Fertility Decline in The Tropics with Case Studies on Plantations. Wallingford: CABI Publishing.

Lim, L., Leea, C., Bonga, C., Lim, J., Klemes, J. (2019). Environmental and economic feasibility of an integrated community composting plant and organic farm in Malaysia. Environmental Management. Pages 431- 439.

Lutfi, N.M. (2017). Pengaruh Ekstrak Alang –Alang. Skripsi Sekolah Sarjana. Fakultas Pertanian UMP.

Oldfield, T., Sikirica, Mondini, Lopez, G., Kuikman, P., and Holden. (2018). Biochar, Compost And Biochar-Compost Blend As Options To Recover Nutrients And Sequester Carbon. Environmental Management. Pages 465 - 476.

Price, G. (2006). Australian Soil Fertility Manual. 3rd Ed. Collingwood:CSIRO Publishing and FIFA.

Sanchez, Ospina, and Montoya. (2018). Compost supplementation with nutrients and microorganisms in composting process. Waste Management. Volume 69. Pages 136-153.

Simanungkalit, Didi, A.S., S., Rasti, S., Diah, S., dan Wiwik, H. (2006). Pupuk Organik Dan Pupuk Hayati. Balai Besar Litbang Sumberdaya Lahan Pertanian Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian.

Suntoro, Syekhfani, E., Handayanto, dan Soemarno. (2001). Penggunaan Bahan Pangkasan Kirinyu (Chromolaena odorata) untuk meningkatkan Ketersediaan P, K, Ca, dan Mg. Agrivita. XXIII (1) : 20-26.

Wardhani. (2006). Aplikasi Mulsa Chromolaena odorata dan Cendawan Mikoriza Arbuskular Pada Tanah Latosol Untuk Pertumbuhan dan Produksi Pueraria Javanica. Skripsi Sekolah Sarjana. Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Wijaya, K.A. (2008). Nutrisi Tanaman Sebagai Penentu Kualitas Hasil dan Resistensi Alami Tanaman. Presentasi Pustaka Publisher : Jakarta. ISBN : 987- 602 – 8117 – 15 – 9.

Wong, Wang, and Selvam. (2017). 4 - Improving Compost Quality by Controlling Nitrogen Loss During Composting. Solid Waste Management. Pages 59-82.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.18196/pt.2020.111.33-38

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 78 times
PDF - 137 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Alima Maolidea Suri

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.





 

Alamat Redaksi
Redaksi Planta Tropika: Jurnal Agrosains (Journal of Agro Science)
Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta
Jl. Ring Road Selatan, Tamantirto, Kasihan, Bantul
Telp (0274) 387646 psw 224.
Email: plantatropika@umy.ac.id
E-ISSN: 2528-7079
p-ISSN: 0216-499X

 

Creative Commons License
Planta Tropika: Jurnal Agrosains (Journal of Agro Science) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.