Bentuk, Fungsi, dan Distribusi Reduplikasi Kata Benda Bahasa Melayu dan Bahasa Jepang

Shyi Nian Ong, Zaitul Azma Zainon Hamzah


Reduplication is a process of multiplying words in which many new words can be generated, and the process has a lexical function that can maintain the class-maintaining or class-changing (word-changing) of a word, as asserted by Asmah (2001: 17-35) that “Reduplication has a lexical function; that is to say it derives new words from the root-forms’’. This study aims to make reduplication of contrasting qualitative descriptive nouns existing in languages other than English and Japanese. The comparisons were carried out between the two languages aiming to examine similarities and differences in function or reduplication of nouns in both Malay and Japanese. The data were taken from the libraries, such as Takayama (2012), Osato (2013), Kobayakawa (2004), Tamura (1991) and Matsumoto (2009) for the Japanese, and Asmah (1975) and Abdullah (1974) for the Malay, and analyzed by comparing elements of similarities and differences existing in both languages. Among the interesting findings is the name word “hito” (person) in Japanese to “hito-bito” (people), showing the change of consonant / h / to / b / in its first syllable, which can be categorized as reduplication with the change of sound. Likewise with Malay, there is a change in the consonant sounds in “lauk pauk”, in which / l / becomes /p/ and in “sayur-mayur” / s / becomes / m / when pluralized.


contrastive; reduplication; noun; Malay; Japanese

Full Text:



Asmah Haji Omar. 1975. Essays on Malaysian Linguistics. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka.

Asmah Haji Omar. 2001. Languages and Language Situation of Southeast Asia. Jurnal Bahasa Moden, 13, 17–35. Kuala Lumpur: Perpustakaan Fakulti Bahasa dan Linguistik.

Crystal, D. 1992. An Encyclopedic Dictionary of Language and Languages. London: Blackwell Publishers.

Crystal, D. 2003a. A Dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetics (5th ed.). London: Blackwell Publishing.

Crystal, D. 2003b. The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the English Language (2nd ed.). London: Cambridge University Press.

Crystal, D. 2007. How Language Works. London: The Penguin Group.

Dineen, Francis P. 1967. An Introduction to General Linguistics. Holt, Rinehart and Winston.

Falk, J. S. 1978. Linguistics and Language: A Survey of Basic Concepts and Implications (2nd ed.). New York: John Wiley and Sons.

Ghomeshi, J., Jackendoff, R., Rosen, N., and Russell, K. 2004. Contrastive Focus: Reduplication in English (The Salad-Salad Paper). Natural Language and Linguistic Theory (22), 307-357.

Hall, Robert A. 1964. Introductory Linguistics. Philadelphia: Chilton Books.

Katamba, F. 1993. Morphology. Houndmills, Basingstoke: Macmillan Press.

Kobayakawa. 2004. Nihongo no Fukusū Hyōgen. Mind and Language, 3, 35-50.

Krzeszowski, Tomasz P. 1990. Contrasting Languages: The Scope of Contrastive Linguistics. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.

Liaw Yock Fang dan Abdullah Hassan. 1994. Nahu Melayu Moden. Kuala Lumpur: Penerbit Fajar Bakti.

Marantz, A. 1982 Re Reduplication. Linguistic Inquiry, 13:3, 435-482.

Martin, S. 1988. Reference Grammar of Japanese. Yale: Yale University Press.

Matsumoto, J. 2009. Nihongo ni okeru Jōgo Fukusūgata no Seisei Kanōsei ni tsuite. Bulletin of Toyo Gakuen University, 17, 243-249, University of Toyo Gakuen.

McCarthy, John J. and Prince, Alan. 1996. Prosodic Morphology 1986 (1996). Linguistics Department Faculty Publication Series. 13. Retrieved from

Olsson, L. 2015. Form and Function of Reduplicated Nouns in Japanese. Unpublished Master Dissertation. Stockholms Universitet.

Osato, A. (2013). Jogo no Kenkyū. Studies in Language and Culture, XXII(22), 1-16.

Rubino, C. 2005. Reduplication: Form, function and distribution. In Hurch, B. (Ed). Studies on Reduplication, 11-29. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.

Stefan, K., Yasuko, I., Noriko, K., and Hilofumi, Y. 2001. Japanese: A Comprehensive Grammar. New York: Routledge.

Tamura, Y. 1991. Gendai Nihongo Ni Okeru Jōgo Ni Tsuite: Sū Gainen Kara Mita Jōgo. Bulletin of the International Student Center, I, 41 - 47, University of Hiroshima.

Tsujimura, N. 1996. An Introduction to Japanese Linguistics. Canberra: Blackwell Publishing.


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 2 times
PDF - 13 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.



Alamat Redaksi

Journal of Japanese Language Education and Linguistics

Gedung KH Ibrahim (E6) Lantai 1, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Jalan Brawijaya, Tamantirto, Kasihan, Bantul, Yogyakarta, 55183


Phone: +62 274 387656, ext. 459

Program Studi Pendidikan Bahasa Jepang Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

                                                                                                                        Creative Commons License
Journal of Japanese Language Education and Linguistics is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.